Individual rights versus collective responsibility

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Individual rights versus collective responsibility Smoking bans, water fluoridation, vaccination, quarantine
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Health and human rights in an ecological frame How might you define an ecology of health and human rights?
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Political economy and HHR Chinatown plague, 1900-1904, 1907
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Chinatown, SF, 1900
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HHR and environmental justice
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Greenhouse Emissions by Country (Density-Equalizing Cartogram) Mark Newman, University of Michigan www.worldmapper.org
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Jonathan Patz, University of Wisconsin Climate-Related Mortality
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Environmental justice and HHR on a global scale “I think the economic logic behind dumping a load of toxic waste in the lowest-wage country is impeccable and we should face up to that. I’ve always thought that countries in Africa are vastly under polluted; their air quality is probably vastly inefficiently low compared to Los Angeles. Just between you and me, shouldn’t the World Bank be encouraging more migration of the dirty industries to the Least Developed Countries?”-- Lawrence Summers, World Bank, 1991
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“Triple discounting,” human rights, and global environmental justice —Rob Nixon Africans discounted as political agents Africans discounted as long-term casualties of Western toxicity Africans discounted as communities with environmental practices and concerns of their own
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Conclusion To deny the humanity of a population is a human rights violation in rhetoric, which is a necessary precondition for the implementation of human rights violations in practice Human rights violations are almost always health violations Environmental injustice is a critical frame for HHR violations
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