Article 2 Judiciary Act of 1789 in full 1789 Judiciary Act act establishing the

Article 2 judiciary act of 1789 in full 1789

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Article 2 Judiciary Act of 1789 , in full 1789 Judiciary Act , act establishing the organization of the U.S. federal court system, which had been sketched only in general terms in the U.S. Constitution. The act established a three-part judiciary made up of district courts , circuit courts , and the Supreme Court and outlined the structure and jurisdiction of each branch. The Judiciary Act of 1789, officially titl ed “An Act to Establish the Judicial Courts of the United States,” was principally authored by Senators Oliver Ellsworth and William Paterson and signed into law by Pres. George Washington on September 24, 1789. The act’s cr eators, by essentially all accounts, viewed it as a work in progress. Although indeed amended throughout the years, the basic outline it provided has remained largely intact. The act divided the country into districts with one court and one judge in each, along with attorneys responsible for civil and criminal actions in their districts. The act also created the office of attorney general of the United States; the attorney general, a member of the cabinet , is appointed by the president and is head of the Department of Justice .
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