38 legal brief a legal document drawn up by an

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38. Legal Brief: A legal document drawn up by an attorney that presents the facts and points of law in a client’s case. Ex: An important document with all of the main points of the case 39. Original Jurisdiction: A court’s authority to hear a case for the first time, before it appears in any other court. Ex: Hearing and seeing the court case first. 40.Appellate Jurisdiction: A court’s authority to review decisions made in lower courts. Ex: The power of the court to review decision 41. General Jurisdiction: The authority of a court to hear cases on a variety of subjects. Ex: All courts of federal level are courts of limited jurisdiction. 42. Limited Jurisdiction: The right of certain courts to hear only specialized kinds of cases, such as traffic violations or bankruptcy issues. Ex: Certain courts get to hear only specific cases. 43. Cross Examination: The questioning of a witness in court by an attorney for the opposing side. Ex: Defense questioning Sean Noffke in the George Zimmerman case. 44. Docket: The list of cases on a court’s schedule. Ex: Cases and court schedules 45. Retention Election: An election in which voters are asked to confirm or reject a judge’s appointment to office. Ex: When people vote for who gets to be the judge. 46. Bench Trial: A court case in which a judge, not a jury, decides the outcome. Ex: Instead of the jury deciding whether or not George was guilty, the judge would decide. 47. Marbury v. Madison: This case, which dates back to the early days of the republics, established the key principle of judicial review. It allows citizens to challenge in court any law or government action that they believe violates the constitution. Ex: Flag burning 48. U.S. court of appeals: Thirteen appellate courts occupy the second level of the federal judiciary. These mid-level courts are known as U.S. courts of appeals. Only a fraction of the cases decided in district courts are reviewed by appeals courts. Of these, an even smaller number get heard by the Supreme Court. Ex: The courts relieve the U.S supreme court from the burden of handling all appeals from cases decided by federal. 49. Senatorial Courtesy: A rule that allows a senator to block the nomination of an official to a federal position, such as a judgeship, in his or her home state. Ex: Barbara Boxer
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50. Judicial Temperament: The personal qualities considered important in a a judge, such as patience, compassion, and commitment to equal justice. Ex: A judge should have good judicial temperament. 51. Amicus Brief: A legal document submitted to a court by a group not party to a particular case but wishing to influence the court’s decision in that case; amicus curiae means “friend of the court” Ex:Persuading the court’s decision. 52. Stare Decisis: A legal doctrine requiring lower courts to honor rulings made by higher courts. Ex: Honoring whatever the higher courts do. 53. Majority Opinion: A document issued by the Supreme Court that states the reasons for its decision as determined by the majority of justices. Ex: Reasons as to why the justices think that decision should happen.
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  • Fall '16
  • Dr. Thomas
  • Supreme Court of the United States

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