C upes not for reproduction sale unit 12 aviation

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(c) UPES, Not for Reproduction/ Sale
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UNIT 12: Aviation Safety: Human Factors Notes ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ The plane crashed about 6 nautical miles southeast of the airport. The aircraft was destroyed; there was no fire. Of the 181 passengers and 8 crew members aboard, 8 passengers, the flight engineer, and a flight attendant were killed and 21 passengers and two crew members were injured seriously. During investigation it was determined that, as a result of a relatively minor landing gear problem, the aircraft was in a holding pattern while awaiting landing at Portland, Oregon. Although the first officer knew the aircraft was low on fuel, he failed to express his concerns convincingly to the captain. The plane ran out of fuel and crashed, killing 10. The National Transportation Safety Board summarized that the probable cause of the accident was the failure of the captain to monitor properly the aircraft's fuel state and to properly respond to the low fuel state and the crew member's advisories regarding fuel state. This resulted in fuel exhaustion to all engines. His inattention resulted from preoccupation with a landing gear malfunction and preparations for a possible landing emergency. Contributing to the accident was the failure of the other two flight crew members either to fully comprehend the criticality of the fuel state or to successfully communicate their concern to the captain. Check Your Progress Fill in the blanks: 1. Human behaviour and performance are cited as causal factors in the majority of …………… accidents. 2. The expansion of …………… factors awareness presents the international aviation community with the single most significant opportunity to make aviation both safer and more efficient. Types of Human Factors Indeed, Human Factors problems can negatively impact the performance of all personnel, whether they are on ground or in the air, from senior personnel to the individual staff. Human Factors can be classified into four primary categories: aeromedical, physiological, performance and design. There may be others, but these four have traditionally proven to be the most (c) UPES, Not for Reproduction/ Sale
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Notes ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ Aviation Safety & Security Management common human factors noted in mishap investigation reports. In each case, the causes, indicators, and approaches to resolving the problems will be discussed. Aeromedical Problems It comprises the following: Medical Health Problems Following are the medical health problems: Fatigue Inadequate Nutrition Flying when Sick Self-medication Flying, maintaining, or handling an aircraft whilst fatigued is a sure way to increase the probability of a mishap. The ability to perceive, understand, and respond to even the most mundane tasks can be greatly impaired when in a state of physical and/or mental fatigue. One would expect fatigue to become most evident during sustained operations, but it is likewise observed during normal operations.
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  • Fall '19
  • Instrument approach, Runway, Rajiv, Aviation Safety & Security Management

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