People from projects 6 control of market place

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People from projects 6. Control of market place Control of entire production, musicians & recording & distribution (vertical integration 垂直整 合, 纵向 ) “vertical integration” all aspects of label 7. Sold to Whites people Sometimes would not put images of artists on record s because he did not want white youth scared away who might not want to buy music by African Americans Distant music form Hired white executives( ) 8. Work Force compartmentalized( ) assembly line Each person does one thing work for Motown not work for competition (Keeps competition among departments high) Work for Motown you don’t work for competition session musicians ( 奏录音 )
House band – “Funk Brothers” “Hitsville USA” – slogan Gordy bought up houses for compartments ( ) and ended up owning entire blocks Would buy up( 全买 ) competition women come back to R&R black women on pop/R&B charts The Supremes - When they first came to Motown they were just out of high school started as assistant type people - Assigned to lesser known recording teams – wasn’t working out( ) - Supremes assigned to Holland - Dozier- Holland - Between 1964 to 1970 they had 10 #1 hits The Supremes, “Stop! In the Name of Love,” 1965 Organ( ) build up( ) – crescendo < I – 8 = 4 (high and low end, high = vibraphone , low = bassline ) + 4 //: V – 16 = 12 (C+R) + 4 (refrain, “think it over not title”) C – 12 = 8 + 4 (refrain, No C+R) :// V – 8 Chorus/Fade – 8+ Features: 1. High & low end emphasis 2. Clear enunciation 3. no vocal improvisation emotionally restrained( ) 4. Combinations of 16 & 12 ( mostly 16 ) 5. Very Radio friendly ( repetition ) 6. No solos 7. Lyrics – first person “Advice songs” – “my Mamma said” 8. Flat 4/4 = Euro American ( no back beat )
Phillies = wall of sound Motown = Thick sound Week 8: Stax Memphis “Black power” not as commercial not as targeted( 标的 ) “Satellite( 卫星 )” Records Stax = “Soulsville USA” Jim Stuart (Estelle Astor’s sister) - Fiddler( 琴手 ) Estelle Astor Mar-keys (an American studio session band for Stax Records) – “house band” (The first house band for the label) Later = Booker T and the M.G’s Improvisatory ( 即兴的 ) “relaxed” feel Sam and Dave, “Soul Man”, 1967 I – 8 = 4 (guitar solo, backbeat & percussion) + 4 (horns, bass) V – 8 (horns) C – 8 (C+R, horns & vocals) V – 8 (horns, shots ( too short to be riff )) C – 8 (“play it steve”, C+R, coming our of gospel )
V – 8 (“listen now”, horn shots) C – 8 (backbeat) Bridge – 9 = 5 (Intro (guitar solo part)) + 4 C/F – 8 Riff = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + (miss#1) 1. More improvisation - Voice = “playful voicedness( )” 2. Sparser( 稀少 ) texture (compared to Motown ) 3. Back beat 4. Low – end emphasis 5. C + R 6. Miss first time on riff – performance – based music 7. More relaxed than Motown Stax: time to explore( 探索 ) - Opened the studio in black area of town Blues – Bass rock (Rolling stores) - form in England in 1962 - anti-Beatles Muddy Waters (real name : McKinley Morganfield ) - south US - in 1943 moves to Chicago - Chess records (opened 1950 ) - Chicago Blues Chicago Blues 1. C+R 2. Faster tempo 3.

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