Public order crime gambling or prostitution

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Public order crime: gambling or prostitution, victimless crime o Occupational crime: white collar o Organized crime: businesses that supply illegal goods and services o Political crime - Sources of Crime Stats: o Uniform Crime Report: lists crimes reported to the police o National Crime Victimization Survey: interviews reported and unreported crimes - Age, Class, and Crime: o Males account for 74.5% of ALL CRIMES COMMITTED and white mails have 69% o People under 25 commit 43% of violent crimes and 54% of all crimes o Lower class violent and property crimes o Upper class white collar crimes o Young people highest criminal victimization rates o Elderly people fearful of crime but less victimized Criminal Justice System - Definition: local, state, and federal agencies that enforce laws, adjudicate crimes, treat criminals o Police, courts, juvenile courts, death penalty - Punishment and Corrections: has 4 major goals o Retribution: punishment that a person receives o General/Specific Deterrence: reduces criminal activity by instilling feat of punishment o Incapacitation: detained in prison o Rehabilitation: return offenders to community with the help of therapy or training Chapter 9: Race and Ethnicity
Learning Objectives: - Distinguish between the terms race and ethnicity - Explain how racial and ethnic classifications continue to change in the US - Define: prejudice, stereotypes, racism, scapegoat, and discrimination - Compare major sociological perspectives to race and ethnic relations - Discuss the unique historical experiences of WASPs and Native Americans - Describe how slavery, segregation, lynching, and discrimination have an impact - Identify 5 major categories of Asian American and describe them historically - Explain how the experiences of Latino compare to middle eastern Americans Race and Ethnicity - Race : category of people who have been singled out as inferior or superior based on a real or alleged physical characteristic such as skin, eyes, hair, body etc. - Ethnic Group: collection of people distinguished on basis of cultural characteristics - Dominant Group: racial or ethnic group that has the greater power in society - Subordinate group: members, bc of features, are unequal compared to the dominant Prejudice - Definition: negative attitude based on faulty generalizations about certain groups - Stereotypes: overgeneralizations about the appearance or behavior of a group - Racism: set of attitudes that is used to justify superior treatment of one group - Theories of Prejudice: o Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis: people who are frustrated with achieving a goal will respond with aggression towards other groups of people o scapegoat : a person who can’t offer resistance to aggression of other people o authoritarian personality: excessive conformity or submissiveness to authority Discrimination: - Genocide: deliberate, systematic killing of an entire group or nation - Individual Discrimination: one-on-one acts of dominate group towards sub group - Institutional Discrimination: practice in organizations that harm certain groups - Joe Feagin’s 4 Types of Discrimination: o

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