This is in reference to the waves of reform that swept through like a forest fire.
Abolitionism: Many religious groups did not like slavery in the USA, or around the world in general. However for a time, they thought it was morally repugnant, but not unite to end the practice in the USA. The first major group to unite was the…
American Colonization Society :---Organization founded in 1817 by anti- slavery reformers that called for gradual emancipation and the removal of freed blacks back to Africa.
First national attempt to end slavery Gradual slavery w/ compensation for the owners Then they would be sent “back to Africa.” The organization was rather ineffective…by 1830 only 1,400 former slaves were sent to Liberia in West Africa . Many AA did not want to go back, but wanted to stay in the USA. On AA minister for NY put it this way…
• “We are natives of this country. We only ask that we be treated as well as foreigners.” • This movement, although well intentioned did not stress equality. AA were still viewed as “other” by the whites.
William Lloyd Garrison Another major played in the abolition was William Lloyd Garrison who published an anti-slavery newspaper called the Liberator in 1831. He labeled slavery as sinful Immoral Radical step of demanding freedom and then full social equality for AA. He was radical and unbending in his beliefs, which made him a rather ineffective leader of such a diverse movement. This attitude did radicalize the abolition movement. In the future the movement would gain strength would be a large force in setting the stage for the US Civil War .
“I will be as harsh as truth, and as uncompromising as justice. I am in earnest. I will not equivocate – I will not excuse – I will not retreat a single inch – and I will be heard.” He has signed, “Wm. Lloyd Garrison.”
Bib. 0/22/19th-century-new-york-city-was-one -dirty-place/ d-Revisionist.htm 6/10.31.96/potato_disease.html liberator-william-lloyd-garrison.html inventory/william-lloyd-garrison-autog raph.html
- Fall '17
- Cliff Tyndall
- Frederick Douglass, William Lloyd Garrison, Abolitionism, Reform movement