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1574King Henry III of France visits Venice and watches the shipwrights of the Arsenalbuild a galley in just one day. 1575Bubonic Plague strikes Venice killing 50,000 of its 175,000 inhabitants.1584The Procuratie Nuove(office buildings on the south side of Saint Mark’s Square) are completed.1592The Rialtobridge is complete.1630Bubonic Plague strikes Venice yet again, killing 30% of the population. 1643Venice inaugurates Europe’s first opera house, due in part to the success of Monteverdi's music. Opera and theater will play an important role in Venetian culture over the next two hundred years.1669Doge Francesco Morosini is forced to give up the island of Creteto the Turks.1675?-1743Life of Antonio Vivaldi. The "Red Hair Priest" of Venice will become the city's most famous composer. Today he is best known for his Four Seasons.1686-1739Life of Benedetto Marcello. This important composer is known for his stage works, oratorios, cantatas, madrigals, canzone and sonatas. 1687Baldassar Longhena’s Basilica of Santa Maria della Saluteis consecrated as a votive offering for the end of the plague of 1630. This church is one of the best examples of Baroque architecture in Venice. Longhena becomes the leading Baroque architect of Venice, designing palaces on the Grand Canal and a synagogue in the Ghetto.1692-1770Life of Giuseppe Tartini, a famous Venetian violinist who composed many worksfor the violin.1696-1770Life of Gian Battista Tiepolo, one of the last great painters of Venice.1698-1768Life of Canaletto. His landscape and cityscape paintings, especially of Venice, were unrivaled in Europe. He and other Venetian landscape painter (e.g. Guardi) make use of the camera oscura("dark room"), the ancestor of the pinhole camera,to create precision perspective in their paintings. 1718With the Treaty of Passarowitz, Venice loses Morea and the Archipelago Islands.1707-1793Life of Carlo Goldoni, Venice’s greatest playwright. Most of his plays describe life in Venice during the 18thcentury.1725-1798Life of Giacomo Casanova. This libertine thinker, best known for his memoirs, invented the state lottery to help the King of France raise revenue. 1796The most sumptuous and unbridled Carnival of the century is organized. It is theswan song of the Venetian Republic, which will surrender to Napoleon the following year. 1797The last Doge of Venice steps down on May 15th; and on October 17, Napoleonsecretly gives Venice and its surrounding territories to Austria in the Treaty of Campoformio, bringing a definitive end to the 1000-year old Venetian Republic.Italian Culture Notes 23
1805After the Treaty of Presburg, Venice is once again part of Napoleon’s empire.1810The Napoleonic wing of Saint Mark’s Square is completed (on the western side ofthe Square).1815After Napoleon’s defeat at Waterloo, the Treaty of Vienna gives Venice back to Austria.