Situations or events like an upcoming test or an

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situations or events like an upcoming test or an emotional break-up. Stressors also include long-lasting emotionaland mental concerns such as worries about money or finding a job. Take the Stress Self-Assessment.380Learning Objectives1.List common causes of stress for college students.2.Describe the physical, mental, and emotional effects of persistent stress.3.List healthy ways college students can manage or cope with stress.4.Develop your personal plan for managing stress in your life.Stress Self-AssessmentCheck the appropriate boxes.
10.5 STRESS • 381What Causes Stress?Not all stressors are bad things. Exciting, positive things also cause a type of stress, calledeustress. Falling in love,getting an unexpected sum of money, acing an exam you’d worried about—all of these are positive things thataffect the body and mindin ways similar to negative stress: you can’t help thinking about it, you may lose yourappetite and lie awake at night, and your routine life may be momentarily disrupted.But the kind of stress that causes most trouble results from negative stressors. Life events that usually causesignificant stress include the following:Serious illness or injurySerious illness, injury, or death of a family member or loved one1.I feel mild stress that does not disrupt my everyday life.2.I am sometimes so stressed out that I have trouble with my routine activities.3.I find myself eating or drinking just becauseI’mfeeling stressed.4.I have lain awake at night unable to sleep because I was feeling stressed.5.Stress has affected my relationships with other people.Write your answers.1.What is the number one cause of stress in your life?2.What else causes you stress?3.What effect does stress have on your studies and academic performance?4.Regardless of the sources of your own stress, what do you think you can do to better cope with thestress you can’t avoid?Daily Sometimes Never
382 • COLLEGE SUCCESSLosing a job or sudden financial catastropheUnwanted pregnancyDivorce or ending a long-term relationship (including parents’divorce)Being arrested or convicted of a crimeBeing put on academic probation or suspendedLife events like these usually cause a lot of stress that may begin suddenly and disrupt one’s life in many ways.Fortunately, these stressors do not occur every day and eventually endthough they can be very severe anddisruptive when experienced. Some major life stresses, such as having a parent or family member with a seriousillness, can last a long time and may require professional help to cope with them.Everyday kinds of stressors are far more common but can add up and produce as much stress as a major life event:Anxiety about not having enough time for classes, job, studies, and social lifeWorries about grades, an upcoming test, or an assignmentMoney concernsConflict with a roommate, someone at work, or family memberAnxiety or doubts about one’s future or difficulty choosing a major orcareerFrequent colds, allergy attacks, other continuing health issuesConcerns about one’s appearance, weight, eat

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