SPAN
Notes on the Readings

The work is considered by some critics as a tragedy

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The work is considered by some critics as a tragedy, and by others as a drama, following the opinion of the author himself. Many have opined that it is the culmination of a long evolutionary process of the dramatist, from modernism to the avant-garde and from there to its fullness phase. It is necessary to emphasize in the first place his conception of the theater. It rejects the bourgeois theater of Benavente, because its only purpose is lucrative.
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Neither he liked, especially at the end, the verse. This does not mean that he rejects poetry in the theater, rather he personalizes it. Instead he shows his sympathy for the popular or marginal theater: the puppet, the vaudeville, etc. Possibly, the phrases that best clarify his idea about the theater are these, formulated in 1936 when he read his acquaintances La Casa de Bernarda Alba: The theater is the poetry that rises from the book and becomes human. And when it is done, it talks and screams, it cries and it despairs. The theater needs the characters that appear on stage to wear a costume of poetry and the same time they see the bones, the blood. These words show the human dimension of theater in which the reader must feel like the characters. To which tremendously helps the air of reality. As he matures he accompanies his theatrical works with a social and popular approach (all this is seen in this piece) and conceiving a didactic function of the theater, distancing himself from the elitism of 27. Theater used to criticize the old and outdated morality. After the death of her second husband, Bernarda Alba imposes a rigorous mourning on her five daughters, who in their lives have had little contact with the opposite sex, rather with the same sex. Although it is a real custom, Lorca portrays it insinuating that besides being a drama of women the peoples of Spain, it also has the intention of photographic documentary. The work begins with the entrance of the servants talking about the despot that is Bernarda and with the immediate arrival of this, confirming their rigorous treatment to them and their daughters, and imposing silence. When the eldest daughter inherits a large fortune attracts a suitor (Pepe el Romano), jealousy and passion are unleashed in the house leading to a tragic end with the death of the youngest, who does not want to submit to the will of his mother. Bernarda ends the work by telling her daughters that her daughter has died a virgin, and ordering silence, as her entrance at the beginning. It is necessary to emphasize the characteristic mixture of Lorca of the personages. On the one hand they are stereotypes, since they represent a figure. But they also have behind their story, their feelings. To stress that only women appear, because it is a drama about them. Bernarda: Everything negative focuses on her. It is tyrannical, despotic and is the target of almost all criticism of the work. His language already warns his character: the repeated use of prescriptive words, his support on the cane (power). Just read the topics to recognize all the flaws in it.
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