Was a period during which the emperor of the han had

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Was a period during which the Emperor of the Han had to undertake appeasement policies to some kings of the east, and was constantly waging war against rebellious underlingsoWas a period of political instability195 – 141 BCE: The Consolidation of the Empire – the dynasty gains control of the court and bureaucracy and leads to the satbilisation of the empire after a rebellion is crushed in 154
141 – 87 BCE: Modernist policies under Emperor Wu (r. 141 -87) – reforms change the structure of the empire, expands the Empire (annexes north Vietnam, expands the empire in the north and northwest), develops the “Silk Road”oEmperor Wu’s reign was threatened by the Xiongnu, a people of the Asian steppe, Xiongnu referred to their ruler, who was able to muster powerful armies that terrorised the Chinese Empire – many of the Western Han Emperors had no answer for the XIongnu threat87 – 49 BCE: Years of Transition49 BCE – 9 CE: Era of Reform9 – 23 CE: Xin Dynasty of Wang MangSeptember 28th– Something LolSeptember 30th– Third, Fourth Century; Buddhism184 CE: Yellow Turban Rebellion, to establish a new era of Gret Peace leads to widespread fighting and devastation; mobilisation of troops leads to the rise of warlordsoThe rebels adopt the language of the mandate of heaven, justify their rebellion with reference to signs that the Gods no longer favoured the Eastern HanoRebels would bring a heavenly mandated utopiaoThe generals who supressed the rebellion became the warlords that destroyed the Han dynasty190 CE: Han Emperor becomes the captive of these warlords, civil war erupts, total breakdown of government and society200 CE: Cao Cao is in control of the north, was a warlord, was the winner of the warlord period220 CE: Cao Pi, son of Cao Cao, becomes emperor of Wei Dynasty, but China is divided into “Three Kingdoms”220-265 CE: “Three Kingdoms Period” – Wei in the North, Shu in Sichuan, Wu in southeastLegacy of Han: this imperial dynasty provided peace and stability throughout a unified China for the greater part of 400 years, this unity of China was something that was remembered as one of the great periods of Chinese history, the rule of the Han dynasty was so successful it established the political norm in Chinese mindThe third century: from division to unity to division, southern kingdoms become ever more important (Three Kingdoms’ Wu))State increasingly loses power to powerful local families, who start dominating access to office and economic resourcesRise of different culture that emphasises clever speech, metaphysical speculation and withdrawal from societyWestern Jin (265 – 316): Sima family usurps the throne of the Wei, found the Jin dynasty with their capital at LuoyangoBy 280, Jin has conquered Shu and Wu and has reunified ChinaoDisturbances of 8 Princes: the north disintegrated again, under pressures from numerous northern non-Chinese people, settling within Jin borders, Jin lose their capital;8 rival princes establish themselves in the north while native Chinese elite migrate southo311: fall of Luoyang

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