is characterized by sadness moodiness and emotional instability High

Is characterized by sadness moodiness and emotional

This preview shows page 24 - 29 out of 31 pages.

is characterized by sadness, moodiness, and emotional instability - High neuroticism - tend to experience mood swings, anxiety, irritability and sadness - experience a lot of stress - worry about many different things -Low neuroticism - more stable and emotionally resilient - deal well with stress -very relaxed Age related changes in personality: ·71 Stable across lifetime on average less emotionally volitle with age traits magnify with age. Parenting styles
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·72 What is the role of discipline and maturity demands? What is the role of warmth & nurturing?Which parenting is associated with the best outcome? - Authoratative: children will learn to understand appropriate social behaviors & therefore make effective decisions on their own and learn self- control. Parents who implement punishment while explaining reasons and regulations can help the child self- regulate. Overall children experience low levels of problem behavior and better academic outcomes. Authoritarian= Low-High **Authorative= High- high Uninvolved= Low- Low Permissive= Low- High ·73 Moms parenting style after divorce= Authoritative to Authoritharian ·74 Dads parenting style after divorce= Authoritharian to permissive Language Development ·75 Holophrase : One word sentences (expressed in many ways) ·76 Overextension: Over use of a word.. ex: all animals are cats ·77 when a categorical term (a word used to
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describe a group of things) is used in language to represent more categories than it actually does. ·78 Underextension: Underuse of words ex: pet is called a dog but doesnt understand that the pets in other homes are also dogs. when a categorical term is used in langauge improperly by only using it for one object instead of all objects that belong in that category. ·79 Language development among African- American preschoolers: African American children who live in responsive and stimulation homes had larger vocabularies, used more irregular nouns and verbs, longer utterances and had more rapid rates of language acquistiong than those who live in nonresponsive homes. ·80 What are the cross- cultural differences in terms of how parents talk to infants? - There is a universality of maternal speech to infants. - Infant- direced speech: slow paced, high intonation -American mothers- use more questioning (ex: do you see the bright yellow sunshine?) - French mothers- emotional support, more warmth and closeness
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Puberty ·81 What are the ramification of entering puberty very early or very late? - Puberty: Sexual maturation Early Vs. Late Maturation: - Early: - Shorter on average, seen as more mature (HS), earlier burn out -(boys= 8years old) considered more masculine & mature -Earlier burn out (later in life advantage if early puberty goes away) - Less satisfaction in jobs and relationships later - Late: -For boys - develop better personalities, rebellious, immature, better interpersonal relationships -Rebellious and immature - Better interpersonal skills and relationships later (social skills of having to be "funny" to make up for for lack of puberty, pays off later) - Early :
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-For girls
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