While our study in this course is focused on

This preview shows page 16 - 20 out of 83 pages.

While our study in this course is focused on classical music and what we might refer to as “traditional” tonality, it’s worth noting that the musical language of tonality has continued to evolve.In the language of classical music, the only chord that can serve as a tonic sonority is a major or minor triad. But over the last 100 years or more, composers have introduced increasing dissonance into the tonal language, and made use of more complex and dissonant harmonies to serve as the “tonic chord.”There are those who would argue that the melodic and harmonic vocabulary of tonal jazz is the most sophisticated extension of the musical language of tonality. While jazz is, at its heart, an improvisatory art, there are nevertheless essential aspects of the jazz vocabulary that can be demonstrated with or without improvisation.Here, for example, is a demonstration of some of the harmonic vocabulary of post-bop jazz, as composed-arranged by the performer. The melody should be familiar to you. It’s the Mozart theme, K. 284, which we heard earlier in the lesson as a software-notation piano score. See if you can recognize it!
SummaryJoseph Haydn was the first of the great triumvirate of Viennese classicists (followed by Mozart and Beethoven). Haydn was a pioneer in forging the Classical style. He ushered in the age of the great symphony and established the string quartet as the quintessential genre of chamber music.The Classical style was brought to artistic maturity in the works of Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven. It is a style of elegance and simplicity that exhibits clarity, balance, symmetry, proportion.Clarity of phrase structure is a hallmark of the Classical style. Andmusical form is an essential aspect of the Classical style, as well. Theme and variations, rounded binary form, and sonata-allegro form are characteristic forms that we hear in Classical compositions.In this lesson we heard the slow movement from Haydn’s “Emperor” quartet, which is a theme and variations. We became familiar with a Mozart theme from the third movement of his Sonata for Piano in D major, K. 284, which is a rounded binary form.We were introduced to the instruments of a contemporary woodwind quintet by members of our performance faculty and heard their performance of Haydn’s Divertimento in B-flat major. The first movement of the Divertimento, which is a sonata-allegro form, provided an initial point of comparison between rounded binary form and sonata-allegro form.And we were introduced to a chromatic predominant harmony—the Augmented sixth chord—that came to prominence in the Classical style.
We will continue our study of the music of the Classical era in the next lesson.
Lesson 9: Classical Style and Form: MozartIntroductionIn this lesson we will get “under the hood” to observe the importance of form in the development of the Classical style.Sonata-allegro form, as we know it, is the invention of the great Classical composers. In many respects, it defines the era. Sonata-

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture