School of poetry blackwoods declared endymion to be

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school of poetry," Blackwood's declared Endymion to be nonsense and recommended that Keats giveup poetry. Shelley, who privately disliked Endymion but recognized Keats's genius, wrote a morefavorable review, but it was never published. Shelley also exaggerated the effect that the criticismhad on Keats, attributing his declining health over the following years to a spirit broken by thenegativereviews.Keats spent the summer of 1818 on a walking tour in Northern England and Scotland, returninghome to care for his brother, Tom, who suffered from tuberculosis. While nursing his brother, Keatsmet and fell in love with a woman named Fanny Brawne. Writing some of his finest poetry between1818 and 1819, Keats mainly worked on "Hyperion," a Miltonic blank-verse epic of the Greekcreation myth. He stopped writing "Hyperion" upon the death of his brother, after completing only asmall portion, but in late 1819 he returned to the piece and rewrote it as "The Fall of Hyperion"(unpublished until 1856). That same autumn Keats contracted tuberculosis, and by the followingFebruary he felt that death was already upon him, referring to the present as his "posthumousexistence."In July 1820, he published his third and best volume of poetry, Lamia, Isabella, The Eve of St. Agnes,and Other Poems. The three title poems, dealing with mythical and legendary themes of ancient,medieval, and Renaissance times, are rich in imagery and phrasing. The volume also contains theunfinished "Hyperion," and three poems considered among the finest in the English language, "Odeon a Grecian Urn," "Ode on Melancholy," and "Ode to a Nightingale." The book received enthusiasticpraise from Hunt, Shelley, Charles Lamb, and others, and in August, Frances Jeffrey, influential editorof the Edinburgh Review, wrote a review praising both the new book and Endymion.The fragment "Hyperion" was considered by Keats's contemporaries to be his greatest achievement,but by that time he had reached an advanced stage of his disease and was too ill to be encouraged.He continued a correspondence with Fanny Brawne and—when he could no longer bear to write toher directly—her mother, but his failing health and his literary ambitions prevented their gettingmarried. Under his doctor's orders to seek a warm climate for the winter, Keats went to Rome withhis friend, the painter Joseph Severn. He died there on February 23, 1821, at the age of twenty-five,and was buried in the Protestant cemetery.CHAPTER I. Analysis of Romantic literary atmosphere influencing theliterary creativity of the writers and poets at the end of the XVIII andthe beginning of the XIX centuries1.1 A concise history of Romanticism. Social and economic backgroundFrom the second half of the XVIII century England became the centre of Industrialization. TheIndustrial Revolution which lasted over 60 years changed both the economy and the natural scenery
16 |P a g eof the country. Pastures and open fields were enclosed and turned into manufacture factories.

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Term
Summer
Professor
Mujibur Rahman
Tags
Romanticism, John Keats, Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley

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