What societs block railroads roads and water canals

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What: Societs block railroads, roads, and water canals leadings from East Germany to Berlin When: 1948 and ends in May 1949 Why: US/Europe cannot give supplies to Germany, which begins air deliveries North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Who: North Atlantic countries What: system of collective defense against Soviets When: late 1940s Why: power to counter soviets; caused the Warsaw Act(1949) George Kennan Who: US diplomat What: wrote Article X: “Soviets will only give up with force” When: February 1946 Why: goal was to stop soviet expansion NSC-68 Who: based off of Kennan’s ideas What: containment; called for increase in US military spending and taxes When: 1950 Where: US Why: built from all of the events that occurred in 1949 encouraging containment
Second Red Scare Who: US What: domestic panic of communism at home When: 1946 Where: US Why: results in Truman declaring Executive Order 9835: “questions government officials/fed. Employees very personal questions House Un-American Who: Hollywood actors, directors, screen-writers, etc.; Director Elia Kazan named dozens of names What: holds hearings relating to Hollywood Why: those who refused to answer questions were blacklisted from the industry; those who testified faced social criticism Joseph McCarthy Who: US senator What: publicly threatened to release a list of state dept. workers involved in communism When: 1950s Where: US Why: Finally crossed the line with who he was threatening and was defeated in December, 1954 Containment and the Korean War 38 th Parallel Who: North Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea(communist), leader Kim II-Sung; South Korea, Republic of Korea, leader Syngman Rhee What: creates North and South Korea When: 1948 Where: Korea Demilitarized Zone What: no man’s land between North and South Korea When: July 27, 1953 Where: split at 38 th Parallel Dwight D. Eisenhower Who: 34 th president What: allows British to move towards Iran When: 1952 Where: Iran Why: Shaw gets overthrown
John Foster Dulles Who: US secretary of state What JF Dulles links Jacobo Arbenz Guzman, Guatemalan president, to communist ways and US invades Guatamala When: June 18, 1954 Where: Guatamala Why: Guzman is overthrown and replaced by Carlos Castillo Armas Fidel Castro Who: took over Cuba from Fulgeno Batista What: Cuba becomes communist When: 1959 Where: Cuba Why: US keeps Cuba on a short leash Bay of Pigs Who: approved by 35 th president, JFK What: US trains Cubans how to invade their own country; plan fails When: 1961 Where: Cuba Why: causes Cuban Missile Crisis Cuban Missile Crisis Who: Soviets v. US for Cuba What: response to Bay of Pigs; Soviets want to put nukes in Cuba When: 1962 Where: Cuba Why: Soviets and US come to an agreement—Soviets will take nukes away from Cuba if US will take theirs out of Turkey Containment Culture Who: US and Soviets What: religion put more into US government; Gender roles seen in TV; Juvenile delinquency in film; Rock n Roll music When: 1950s Why: religion divides US(God fearing) and Soviets(godless) Civil Rights Dixiecrats Who: State’s Rights Democratic Party led by Strong Thurmond

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