Blue Cross, a medical insurer, publishes lists of "usual, customary, and reasonable" rates for medical
services. Blue Cross insureds can then shop for medical services to be certain they are fully covered. A
physician who charges rates higher than Blue Cross alleges there is a combination in restraint of trade
to force him out of business and a price-fixing conspiracy. Is he right?
restraint of trade/price fixing
Zenith Radio and other American TV manufacturers brought suit against Japanese TV manufacturers
for charging artificially low prices in the United States. Can the Japanese manufacturers be sued in the
Several art distributors have met and agreed to limit the number of Hummel figurines being imported
into the United States. Is there any anticompetitive behavior involved in doing this?
Sales representatives of several college-book publishers have met together and decided that calling on
all schools in their territories is often fruitless, since only one of each of their books can be adopted.