Suppose that a worker in cornland can grow either 40

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11. Suppose that a worker in Cornland can grow either 40 bushels of corn or 10 bushels of oats per year, and a worker in Oatland can grow either 20 bushels of corn or 5 bushels of oats per year. There are 20 workers in Cornland and 20 workers in Oatland. Which of the following statements is true? a. Both countries could gain from trade with each other. b. Neither country could gain from trade with each other because Cornland has an absolute advantage in both goods. c. Neither country could gain from trade with each other because neither one has a comparative advantage. d. Oatland could gain from trade between the two countries, but Cornland definitively would lose. 12. Suppose that a worker in Freedonia can produce either 6 units of corn or 2 units of wheat per year, and a worker in Sylvania can produce either 2 units of corn or 6 units of wheat per year. Each nation has 10 workers. Without trade, Freedonia produces and consumes 30 units of corn and 10 units of wheat per year. Sylvania produces and consumes 10 units of corn and 30 units of wheat. Suppose that trade is then initiated between the two countries, and Freedonia sends 30 units of corn to Sylvania in exchange for 30 units of wheat. Sylvania will now be able to consume a maximum of 13. Suppose that a worker in Caninia can produce either 2 blankets or 8 meals per day, and a worker in Felinia can produce either 5 blankets or 1 meal per day. Each nation has 10 workers. For many years, the two countries traded, each completely specializing according to their respective comparative advantages. Now war has broken out between them and all trade has stopped. Without trade, Caninia produces and consumes 10 blankets and 40 meals per day and Felinia produces and consumes 25 blankets and 5 meals per day. The war has caused the combined daily output of the two countries to decline by
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7 14. Refer to Table 2-3. Assume that Japan and Korea each has 2400 hours available. If each country spends all its time producing the good in which it has a comparative advantage and trade takes place at a price of 12 cars for 6 airplanes, then Table 2-3 Assume that Japan and Korea can switch between producing cars and producing airplanes at a constant rate. Hours Needed to Make 1 Quantity Produced in 2400 Hours Car Airplane Cars Airplanes Japan 30 150 80 16 Korea 50 150 48 16
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