Societal LCA Phases 1 Goal and Scope Definition 2 LCI 3 LCIA Functional Unit

Societal lca phases 1 goal and scope definition 2 lci

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Societal LCA Phases 1. Goal and Scope Definition: 2. LCI: 3. LCIA: Functional Unit Geographic Location Stakeholders Data collection from stakeholders, companies, partners, etc.… Qualitative and quantitative Data source is different Consequence of positive and negative pressure on societal endpoints (well being of stakeholders) Interpretation
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L06 Slide 42 Assessment System Source: Adapted from Benoit et al., 2007
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L06 Slide 43 Example Impact Category Working Conditions Subcategory Social Security & Benefits Inventory Indicators Health Insurance Retirement Insurance Paid Maternity & Paternity Leaves Legal Contracts Stakeholder Category Workers
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L06 Slide 44 A comparison of cut roses from Ecuador and the Netherlands Ecuador: 400 rose farms with 60,000 employees Low wage level Predominant female workers and common child labour Average working time: 72 to 84 h/week Damage caused to worker ´ s health due to a broad use of pesticides The Netherlands: Automated greenhouses where robots cut the roses growing in liquid fertilizer Optimized usage of water, fertilizer, and pesticide High energy consumption Less employment Source: A comparison of cut roses from Ecuador and the Netherlands. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 16.4 (2011): 366-379.
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L06 Slide 45 Social Impact Assessment Social impacts of cutting and packaging in Ecuador Source: A comparison of cut roses from Ecuador and the Netherlands. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 16.4 (2011): 366-379.
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L06 Slide 46 Source: A comparison of cut roses from Ecuador and the Netherlands. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 16.4 (2011): 366-379. Social Impact Assessment Social impacts of cutting and packaging in The Netherlands
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L06 Slide 47 Cape Wind Project Offshore wind farm Location: Horseshoe Shoal, Nantucket Sound, Cape Cod, Massachusetts Proposed in 2001 130 wind turbines 468 MW wind power Power 420,000 homes
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L06 Slide 48 Perceptions of Risk Smoking 1.4 cigarettes Eating 40 tablespoon of peanut butter 2 days in New York City Driving 40 miles in a car Flying 2500 miles in a jet Canoeing for 6 minutes Receiving 10 mrem of radiation Rank these activities in order of risk as perceived by the general public
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L06 Slide 49 Activity 1. Public perception 2. Resistance to change 3. Noise / light pollution 4. National security 5. Job creation 6. Toxic releases 7. Cultural differences 8. Gender issues 9. Affects relative to demographic 10. Aesthetics 11. Loss of park land 12. Lower property values 13. Fear of chemicals 14. Political issues 15. Impact on wildlife Which of these would you NOT include in your Societal Analysis? Justify.
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L06 Slide 50 “Social entrepreneurs play the role of change agents in the social sector, by adopting a mission to create and sustain social value (not just private value )” -- Prof. Greg Dees, Founder Centre for the Advancement of Social Entrepreneurship Duke University Social Entrepreneurship Source: "The Meaning of Social Entrepreneurship," J. Gregory Dees, 1998, rev 2001 "The Meaning of Social Entrepreneurship". CASE at Duke.
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