What are the elements that are shared among most classical/art musical traditions? (see powerpoint) Large ensembles, old, historical, Formal context (venues of performance). Meant to be appreciated for its sound. Listening: • Track 9 “Ud taqasim” Begins with "ud taqasim", followed by a dulab (brief instrumental genre that functions as a prelude helping to introduce the "maqam", qanun player presents a "taqasim" then followed by a "sama i rast" (an instrumental composition), second "dulab" then introduces a vocal "layali" and "mawwal", after which a violin 'taqasim' and then a second 'mawwal' lead into song Track 11 “Qanun taqasim” (make sure you can distinguish the timbre of an oud versus a qanun) • The 'qanun' is trapezoidal and placed either across persons lap or on a small table in front of the seated performer. instrument contains 25-27 sets of strings, strings plucked by a short plectrum attached to index finger, are tuned to consecutive notes of seven-note scales, 'rast' scale Track 12 “Samai” • Uses Samai iqa. A change of iqa (rhythm) occurs towards the end of the piece. Track 14 “Layali and mawwal” • Identify: genre, settings (where?), instrumentation • Improvisatory genre. Non-metrical. Presents a traditional Egyptian text of unknown origin, common theme of the pangs of love, repetition of two lines with 'baul WEEK 10 Topic: Umm Kulthum (reading the textbook chapter is important!) Know basic info about the following terms/concepts (essentially, know what they mean/entail): • Gamal Abdel Nasser 1956-1970, leader of the free officers and second president of Egypt; nationalized the economy; embraced the idea of pan-arabism (unification of all arab countries under a single nation) • Sphinx of Giza Mythical creature, emblem of Egypt. • Long song – Ughniya Mid twentieth-century genre of eastern Arab vocal art music, urban popular singers, literally means "song", developed from the taqtuqa genre in four or five stages • Inta omri Song- Umm Kulthum performed, most famous song, composed by Arab composer Muhammad 'Abd al-Wahhab • First Thursday of the month concerts Starting in the mid-1950s, Umm Kulthum’s first Thursday of the month concerts began to be broadcast throughout The Arab world. • Importance of Radio for Umm Kulthum’s career Mostly promoted her career . • Kulthum and the Sphinx Egyptians compared her with the pyramids. • Kulthum and Nationalism (esp. following the 6 day war) Praised for her strong sense of nationalism.
• Kulthum and Tarab Praised for her perfect enunciation in Arabic. Her improvisational/embellishment skills are associated with the concept and manifestation of tarab. see p. 115 of the textbook and the following links: ? v=qDAt7LfDP7o (copy and past the link; start at 4:40). Listening: Textbook CD Tracks 20-22 “Aruh Li Min” Inta Omri: First 16 minutes. Identify: genre (art, religious, etc), specific genre (name of particular genre), context (where?), instrumentation (name individual instruments), place of origin, singer’s name Song- Umm Kulthum performed, most famous song, composed by Arab composer Muhammad 'Abd al-Wahhab WEEK 11 Topic: Arab pop music
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- Spring '14
- Music genre, Arabic music, Arabic pop music