MSL101L07 Profession of Arms SR.pdf

Ii the united states army usa is the largest branch

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ii The United States Army (USA) is the largest branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for land-based military operations. It is the largest and oldest established branch of the U.S. military, and is one of seven U.S. uniformed services. The modern Army has its roots in the Continental Army which was formed on 14 June 1775, to meet the demands of the American Revolutionary War before the establishment of the United States. The Congress of the Confederation officially created the United States Army on 3 June 1784 after the end of the Revolutionary War to replace the disbanded Continental Army. The primary mission of the Army is “to fight and win our Nation’s wars by providing prompt, sustained land dominance across the full range of military operations and spectrum of conflict in support of combatant commanders.” The US Army Motto: “This We’ll Defend” was first used by the War Office of the Continental Congress during the American Revolutionary War. “This We’ll Defend” is our simple motto stating our commitment and oath to defend the Constitution of the United States and the citizens therein. OUR HISTORY
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iii THE ARMY PROFESSION DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY CIVILIANS In 1776 the Board of War and Ordnance was established with the responsibility of equipping and dispatching troops; maintaining personnel records and disbursing funds. Five members of the Continental Congress, several clerks and a paid secretary – Richard Peters, the first Army Civilian – comprised the Board. Subsequently the Continental Army hired Civilians for driving, crafts, carpentry, and laborer jobs. Today Civilians have skills that are crucial to the support of military operations and provide a full complement to the military’s occupational specialties. ARMY NATIONAL GUARD The National Guard is a unique and essential element of the U.S. military. Founded in 1636 as a citizen force organized to protect families and towns from hostile attacks, today’s National Guard Soldiers hold civilian jobs or attend college while maintaining their military training part time, always ready to defend the American way of life in the event of an emergency. U.S. ARMY RESERVE The history of America’s federal citizen soldier extends back in time to the early years of the Republic. In fact, one of our founding fathers, leader of the Contenental Army, and first president, George Washington, presented his concept for a federalized militia in 1783 to a congressional committee created under Alexander Hamilton to investigate and recommend a military establishment. This was the first of a multitude of congressional committees formed to study and investigate the issue of a national militia. T re T f the l W
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iv “The Army is a profession because of the expert work it produces, because the people in the Army develop themselves to be professionals, and because the Army certifies them as such. They’re not just time servers, they’re not government bureaucrats; these are people who are motivated
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