benzodiazepines, opioids, and amphetamines does not cause such severe and potentially fatal withdrawal symptoms. ● ● ● ● ● Question 17 ● 1 out of 1 points ● ● ● ● An elderly woman is slated for a hemiarthroplasty (hip replacement surgery) after falling and breaking her hip on the stairs outside her home. The woman's pain in the time since her injury has been severe, and her care team has been treating it with morphine. Which of the following administration schedules is most likely to control the patient's pain? ● ● ●
● ● ● Respo nse Feedb ack: ● The use of long-acting analgesia combined with short-acting opioids for breakthrough pain is a proactive pain management technique that maximizes therapeutic benefit while minimizing the risks of adverse effects. ● ● ● ● ● Question 18 ● 1 out of 1 points ● ● ● ● A 26-year-old professional began using cocaine recreationally several months ago and has begun using the drug on a daily basis over the past few weeks. He has noticed that he now needs to take larger doses of cocaine in order to enjoy the same high that he used to experience when he first used the drug. A nurse should recognize that this pattern exemplifies ● ● ● ● ● ● Respo nse Feedb ack: ● With drug use over time, tolerance develops. Tolerance occurs when the body develops a natural resistance to the drug's physical or euphoric effects, making it necessary to take increasing doses more frequently to achieve the desired effect. ● ● ●
● ● Question 19 ● 1 out of 1 points ● ● ● ● A nurse works in a sleep disorder clinic and is responsible for administering medications to the patients. Which of the following patients would be most likely to receive zaleplon (Sonata)? ● ● ● ● ● ● Respo nse Feedb ack: ● The nurse will most likely administer the zaleplon to the 35- year-old man who is having difficulty falling asleep, but once asleep can stay asleep. Zolpidem would most likely be administered to the 20-year-old who will take a sleep aid only once a week. Eszopiclone (Lunesta) will be given to the 52-year-old woman who needs to fall asleep quickly and has trouble staying asleep. The 46- year-old man will likely receive trazodone (Desyrel). This drug is given as a sleep aid for a patient who is taking an antidepressant. ● ● ● ● ● Question 20
● 1 out of 1 points ● ● ● ● A trauma patient has been receiving frequent doses of morphine in the 6 days since his accident. This pattern of analgesic administration should prompt the nurse to carefully monitor the patient's ● ● ● ● ● ● Respo nse Feedb ack: ● Morphine, like most opioid analgesics, creates a risk for constipation. The drug is unlikely to influence the patient's temperature, skin integrity, or urine specific gravity.
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- Summer '15
- Pharmacology, Benzodiazepine, Benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome, Respo