Sieyes pushes for reform not to overthrow believes

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Sieyes- pushes for reform, not to overthrow; believes Napoleon great candidateThe ConsulateReformsoThe Concordat- 1801- to restore relationship w/ religion; agreement w/ Pope to recognize Catholicism as religion of France, allow Protestants and Jews to worship freely, but wont return church lands, continue to pay bishop salaries
HIST1020- Exam 1oThe Civil Code- 1804- reformed French legal system; equality to all; can get promoted in gov’t by merit and intelligence; returns patriarchal society;oBalanced BudgetoPublic Works- sewer systemsoPatron of the Arts- mainly of himself and his ‘splendor’, commissioning paintings of himself, often to look like a godoPatron of the SciencesLiberty?oCensorship of Press- limits on free speech; eradicate newspapers who didn’t present him in a good light; in Paris, 60 newspapers to begin w/ and reduced to 4oPolice Force/Spies- creates to monitor france; arrest those who speak ill of him; oPersonal liberties being taken away(1/18)Asks electorate to appoint him first consul for life; 1804 declares himself emperor; ceremony held in Notre DameDecline of napoleonRussia- 1812-1813oHad already beat Russia in 1807 and entered into a peace treaty; by 1810 russia no longer followed orders; oNapoleon’s Great Army- brings 600,000 men in; faced rough winter; only 100,000 return to FranceoMoscow- citizens set city up in flames, didn’t want them to gain resources of city; Battle of the Nations- Oct 1813oGreat Britain, Prussia, Russia, Sweden, and Austria- enemies moved together against Napoleon and he is defeated; troops march into Paris Fall of Paris- March 1814Abdication- April 1814oIn favor of his son, Napoleon II, 3 years old, but replacedoLouis XVIII- put in place by European countries (Louis XI’s brother)Exhiled- first to Elba, escapes and returns to france; rules for 100 days;oBattle of Waterloo- defeated by European forces again; studied for its military tacticsoSaint Helena- sent off and dies, but not before he can pin his memoirSaint-Domingue Economy-French colony; shares island with Sainto-Domingo (Spanish Colony)-extremely lucrative colony for sugar and coffee;-plantation owners live under mercantilism- export all crops to France; Saint-Domingue Social ClassesWhite Colonials- 40,000- French colonial officers, plantation owners, workers, etcFree- “gens de couleur”- 28,000 (“people of color”)
HIST1020- Exam 1Artisans, domestic servants, plantation owners; diverse socioeconomic status; 1/3 of slave owners were black; many mulattoCode Noir- 1685- “black code”; granted free people of color the same legal status as whites; by 1750s, govt began issuing restrictionsSlaves- 500,000 –over 90%Biracial, or African born; Sugar cane extensive harvest process; slaves often run away to mnts to maroon communities; have guerilla-type tacticsVincent Oge-hearing of French revolution, hoping for reform to come and abolition of slavery; white pop. horrified that they wanted to end slavery, needed the labor and don’t want to give equal rights to blacks; also didn’t want economic restrictions

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