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fat. Select each button below to learn more.Saturated Fats Saturated fats are found in animal products. Examples include the skin on chicken or the fat around a steak, whole milk, cheddar cheese, stick butter, and processed meats.Unsaturated Fat Unsaturated fats are good for your heart. These branch out to monounsaturated, polyunsaturated and omega 3, 6, and 9. Some examples of where you can find these fats are tuna, salmon, olive and canola oils, flax seed, and wheat germ.Trans Fat Trans fat is found in processed foods. Manufacturers add hydrogen to vegetable oil through a process called hydrogenation. Hydrogenation increases the shelf life and flavor stability of foods containing this fat. At one time, trans fat was found in just about anything that was processed. Most manufacturers now know that consumers are aware trans fat is harmful to their health, and have decreased their inclusion in processed foods. However, items such as biscuits, croissants, and pie crusts are likely to contain it.If you think you are not getting the right amount of vitamins and minerals from your diet,you may choose to take vitamin or mineral supplements. When choosing these, be sure tolook for labels that include seals from the United States Pharmacopoeia or Consumer Lab. This will ensure the company participated in independent product testing, and an inspection of the manufacturing plant has been conducted to verify quality control of the product.
Vitamins and Minerals Vitamins are metabolic catalysts that regulate biochemical reactions within the body. Minerals are natural substances that have unique metabolic roles. • There are 14 vitamins. • There are 15 minerals. • Each vitamin and mineral has a specific function. • They do not provide energy but facilitate energy-yielding chemical reactions. • Vitamin A helps maintain a healthy skin tone, eyesight, promotes growth, and helps build antibodies. • Vitamin C is an antioxidant; it is necessary for normal growth and development. • Vitamin D is processed by exposure to sunlight. It helps build strong bones and joints. • Vitamin E is an antioxidant; it delays the aging process and promotes healthy skin and hair. • Vitamin K aids in blood coagulation. Supplements What exactly is a supplement? It is a product, taken by mouth, that contains a "dietary ingredient" intended to supplement the diet. Dietary ingredients in these products can include vitamins, minerals, herbs, botanicals, amino acids, enzymes, organ tissues, gland tissue, or secretions. No government testing is currently required for supplements. • Most claim to give the user an extra edge • May be used for quick results with minimal effort (the easy way out) • Can be a wise decision that provides health benefits, if researched well and discussed with doctors • Can create unexpected risks • Promises of quick weight loss or muscle gain; again, discuss with a doctor • Questions to consider: - Is the supplement backed up by independent research on humans?