Protection from the elements o sanitary facilities o

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Protection from the elementsoSanitary facilitiesoExtra rations depending on jobsResourcefulness with available materialsoOrganizing (smuggling)DehumanizationChoiceless choiceoScenariosViolenceprivacyDivisions among prisonersNationalityLanguageGerman and Yiddish speakers had advantageNo clothesNo shoesNo hairAlmost no foodNumbering (tattoos)Nazi experimentsChildren and women taken first (age)
Lots of camps just for men (gender)Physical strengthThe scrolls of Auschwitz (book)We wept without tears (testimonies)March 25, 2014Nazi Ideology and its Others:Threats from Within and WithoutThreats that mentally ill and disabled posed to the German nation: biological- the more of them thatreproduced, and mixed, they would pollute the German pool of genes and disabled people would pass onweaknessGroups of focus for today: sinti and roma (gyps), soviet pow, homosexuals, Jehova’s WitnessesGypsies: were nomadic and were a problem because they were unstable and did not fit in to the socialfabric (misfits)Race- they are racially distinctive and problematicBoth social outsiders and racially problematicDifferent from the Jews because there is a mixtureTheir fate is most paralleled to Jewsclosest to the Jews than any other group that the Nazis persecutedNazis didn’t campaign talking about the gypsies- they already inherited a culture that was against thegypsiesJewish question and Gypsy nuisancePrevent of detention, arbitrary arrest, general atmosphere of harassment and discriminationYou need fertile ground in a society to later carry out genocide- the Nazis did not create enemy out ofnowhere: they were viewed as outsiders and outside of the normSinti and Roma: first came to Europe in about 15thcentury, migrated from India through Persia and intoBalkan regionConverted along the way to Christianity and also kept some pre-Christian traditions (tended to mix them)Mode of living was to trade horses and other animals, were peddlers, worked with silver and gold- were notallowed to own landSomething about their nomadic activity caused them to have the reputation of beggars, thieves andpractitioners of harmful magicAbout 30,000 gypsies in Germany during time of HitlerIn the beginning of Nazi program (1930s), gypsies are sterilized
1935 when Nuremberg laws are announced, gypsies fall under the laws as well as Jewsas registry offcies emerge, they were subject to registration (for marriage)state compiles massive set of records of geneology of groups so state can apply racial laws to specificindividualsin 1936, Nazis establish central office to deal with “gypsy nuisance”modeled on Weimar Laws1936- first gypsy camp established in Marzahn, outskirts of Berlin (wanted to get them out of the way)the olympics were also in 1936Romani families rounded up for deportation

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Term
Spring
Professor
Gillerman

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