Protection from the elements o Sanitary facilities o Extra rations depending on

Protection from the elements o sanitary facilities o

This preview shows page 35 - 38 out of 59 pages.

Protection from the elements o Sanitary facilities o Extra rations depending on jobs Resourcefulness with available materials o Organizing (smuggling) Dehumanization Choiceless choice o Scenarios Violence privacy Divisions among prisoners Nationality Language German and Yiddish speakers had advantage No clothes No shoes No hair Almost no food Numbering (tattoos) Nazi experiments Children and women taken first (age)
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Lots of camps just for men (gender) Physical strength The scrolls of Auschwitz (book) We wept without tears (testimonies) March 25, 2014 Nazi Ideology and its Others : Threats from Within and Without Threats that mentally ill and disabled posed to the German nation: biological- the more of them that reproduced, and mixed, they would pollute the German pool of genes and disabled people would pass on weakness Groups of focus for today: sinti and roma (gyps), soviet pow, homosexuals, Jehova’s Witnesses Gypsies: were nomadic and were a problem because they were unstable and did not fit in to the social fabric (misfits) Race- they are racially distinctive and problematic Both social outsiders and racially problematic Different from the Jews because there is a mixture Their fate is most paralleled to Jews closest to the Jews than any other group that the Nazis persecuted Nazis didn’t campaign talking about the gypsies- they already inherited a culture that was against the gypsies Jewish question and Gypsy nuisance Prevent of detention, arbitrary arrest, general atmosphere of harassment and discrimination You need fertile ground in a society to later carry out genocide- the Nazis did not create enemy out of nowhere: they were viewed as outsiders and outside of the norm Sinti and Roma: first came to Europe in about 15 th century, migrated from India through Persia and into Balkan region Converted along the way to Christianity and also kept some pre-Christian traditions (tended to mix them) Mode of living was to trade horses and other animals, were peddlers, worked with silver and gold- were not allowed to own land Something about their nomadic activity caused them to have the reputation of beggars, thieves and practitioners of harmful magic About 30,000 gypsies in Germany during time of Hitler In the beginning of Nazi program (1930s), gypsies are sterilized
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1935 when Nuremberg laws are announced, gypsies fall under the laws as well as Jews as registry offcies emerge, they were subject to registration (for marriage) state compiles massive set of records of geneology of groups so state can apply racial laws to specific individuals in 1936, Nazis establish central office to deal with “gypsy nuisance” modeled on Weimar Laws 1936- first gypsy camp established in Marzahn, outskirts of Berlin (wanted to get them out of the way) the olympics were also in 1936 Romani families rounded up for deportation
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