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Therefore all rum producers distill their product at

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Therefore, all rum producers distill their product at least twice.5.Maturation: -Though no regulation exists pertaining to a minimum periodof maturation, all rums are first blended and then matured. All light bodiedrums are matured in uncharred oak casks for 1-4 years while full bodiedrums are matured in charred oak casks for 5-7 years.After the distillation process is complete, one gets a colourless liquidwhich is approximately 90% alcohol. This distillate is then diluted with distilledwater to bring down its alcoholic strength to within legal limits. Caramelized sugaris then added to it and it is blended with product from a few years back. Finally itis poured into Oakwood casks for maturation.BRAND NAMES OF RUM1.White Rum: -Bacardi Carta Blanca, Bacardi Limon, Dry Cane,Palo Viejo.2.Jamaican Rum (Full Bodied):-Lemon Hart, Captain Morgan,Myers, Rope & Anchor, Squadron.3.Light Bodied Rum: -Bacardi Reserva, Ron Morito, Mount Gay.4.Indian Rum: -Old Cask, Old Monk, Old Smuggler, Bermuda,Contessa, McDowell‟s Celebration, Hercules, Royal Treasure,Whitefield.13.8 VodkaDefinition of Vodka:Vodka is a distilled alcoholic beverage made from highstarch-content grains such as rice, rye, corn and wheat. Though many decadesago vodka was made principally with potatoes, the use of potatoes for vodkaproduction is very rare nowadays. Vodka is colourless, odourless and tasteless.Origin of Vodka:Vodka has been made in Russia for over 700 years, butRussia‟s claim to being the country of origin of vodka is disputed by Poland andUkraine. The Russian word “Voda” means “Water” and “Vodka” means “LittleWater”. Vodka, though produced and consumed in Russia for over 700 years,was introduced to the rest of the world only after the Russian Revolution of 1917,when people, fleeing to escape the newly established Communist regime,brought the art of vodka-making to the western world.Though Russian in history and character, Vodka is today produced all over theworld. Apart from Russia, the major vodka producing countries are Poland,Finland, Sweden, Great Britain and Czechoslovakia.PRODUCTION OF VODKA1.Soaking & Malting: -The grain (or mixture of grains) is soaked in waterand spread out on a wooden floor for malting (germinating).2.Toasting: -After the desired amount of malting is achieved, the grain issubjected to air heated to 150oC. This is done to prevent further germinationof the grain. The time period of the grain‟s exposure to heated air should be
Introduction to Food and Beverage ProductionBHM/DHM 103Uttarakhand Open University251controlled expertly, allowing enough time for the malting process to stopcompletely, but not letting the grains become too brown.3.Crushing & Boiling: -The malted grain is then crushed, mixed withwater and boiled. This releases all the fermentable sugar into the water.

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Uttarakhand Open University, Food and Beverage production

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