The heart was left in as Egyptians believed thinking occurs in the heart and so

The heart was left in as egyptians believed thinking

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- The heart was left in as Egyptians believed thinking occurs in the heart and so they need it to navigated the afterlife - Usually had scarabs amulets because they would use waste into food and produced new life so the dead would be given new life - After blood and organs were removed the body was packed with salt to help the desiccation process and then wrapped in linen - Wealthy and powerful Egyptians the body was put in a decorated coffin that included the things they would need in the afterlife - Pets, especially cats were mummified and put with their owners so they could go to the afterlife - Made at least 70 million mummies Mesopotamia - one of the early ancient religions that influenced many (especially Greece and Jews- developed roughly in the same geographical area) Ishtar – not on exam - Babylonian fertility god Marduk - not on exam - Ruler of the gods Battle between marduk and Tiamat - Relief from the ruins of Nineveh, Assyrian city on the banks of the Tigris Mesopotamian view of the person - Created from the mixture of the blood of a sacrificed god and clay - Upon death, the person becomes bones and ghost - Older gods forced weaker gods to work for them- they created human beings so they could boss the humans around (sacrificed one of their own to make them) - We are servitors of the gods – one major failing is trying to take too much from the gods From the Epic of Gilgamesh, a description of the underworld: On the road where travelling is one way only, To the house where those who stay are deprived of light, Where dust is their food, and clay their bread. They are clothed, like birds, with feathers, And they see no light, and they dwell in darkness. (Dalley, 2000, p. 89) - The ground is the realm of the dead 2 common places the dead go Locative cosmologies - the dead are living among us (Mesopotamian belief) Utopian cosmologies - the dead are living in a more wondrous realm (Egyptian land of Osiris)
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Gilgamesh An epic tale with numerous cases of human beings confronting existential issues - A violent ruler with lots of power- describes his journey through life - He befriends someone who tames him - Gilgamesh irritates Ishtar and so she inflicts the friend with a disease and the friend dies - G wanted people to remember him- he realized his humanity through his friend and when the friend dies he has a complete change - He realizes he cannot face death like his friend did so he wants to find immortality - He finds it and can live forever but he loses it and realize he cannot be immortal but can live on in the memories of others From the Epic of Gilgamesh – advice from a barmaid: Gilgamesh, where do you roam? You will not find the eternal life you seek. When the gods created mankind, They appointed death for mankind, Kept eternal life in their own hands. So, Gilgamesh, let your stomach be full, Day and night enjoy yourself in every way, Every day arrange for pleasures. Day and night, dance and play, Wear fresh clothes. Keep your head washed, bathe in water, Appreciate the child who holds your hand, Let your wife enjoy herself in your lap. This is the work [of the living].
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