16 constitution a constitution is the fundamental law

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16. ConstitutionA constitution is the fundamental law, written or unwritten, that establishes the character ofgovernment by defining the basic principles to which a society must conform. Constitutionmake government enforces clearly recognized and regularly applied limits on the powers ofthose who govern. The US Constitution was the result of many conflict and compromises, and
the fight over political battel between Federalists and Antifederalist.
17. Confederal governmentA Confederal government is a form of government in which sovereign states delegate power tocentralized government. The central government is weaker than the states, and states retainedtheir sovereignty, that is they can choose to follow the lead of the central government or not. Ahighly decentralized governmental system in which the national government derives limitedauthority form the states rather than directly from citizens.18. Constitutional conventionIn May 1878, an assembly of the nation’s elite convened in Philadelphia, calling to revise theArticles of Confederation after concern over Shays’ Rebellion. After Constitutional convention,a whole new government created. Major debate remained over how much power the federalgovernment should have.19. Shays’ rebellionShays’ rebellion is a series of protests in 1786 and 1787 by Daniel Shays, a former armycaptain, led a mob of farmers in a rebellion against the government of Massachusetts in 1887.The purpose of the rebellion was to prevent foreclosure on their debt-ridden land by keeping thecountry courts of western Massachusetts from sitting until after the next election. This episodeshowed that Congress under the Confederation had been unable to act decisively in a time ofcrisis. 20. Articles of ConfederationArticles of Confederation is the first written constitution adopted by the Continental Congressin 1777. The Articles of Confederation formed a constitution concerned primarily with limitingpowers of the central government, and became the formal basis for America’s nationalgovernment. Under these Articles, the government has Strong legislate, weak executive, andequal representation. However, the central government lacked an executive branch and coercivepower over the states (even in the areas of taxation and conscription). Moreover, an economicdownturn in the critical period revealed that the central government was too weak. Thesearticles of confederation were superseded by the Constitution after 1789.21. Issue of slaveryMany of the conflicts that emerged during the Constitutional Convention were reflections of thefundamental differences between the slave and non-slave states, differences that pitted thesouthern planters and New England merchants against each other. Over 90 percent of all slaversresided in five states where they accounted for 30 percent of the total papulation. In some placesoutnumbered non-slaves by as much as 10 to 1. Northerners and southerners eventually reached

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