germ source of oil and is rich in Vitamin E What is enrichment adding back

Germ source of oil and is rich in vitamin e what is

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germ (source of oil and is rich in Vitamin E) What is enrichment?: adding back nutrients The nutrient density of refined and unrefined carbohydrates: unrefined has a higher density than unrefined carbohydrates (provides more nutrients) Names and sources of simple and complex carbohydrates Chemical composition of simple and complex carbohydrates Glucose: circulates in the blood Fructose: fruits, vegetables, honey, high fructose corn syrup Galactose: dairy products (milk sugar) Maltose: made of 2 glucose molecules, when starch is digested Sucrose: made of glucose and fructose, table sugar Lactose: made of galactose and glucose, milk ice cream dairy products Glycogen: (animal source) liver and muscle cells Cellulose: cotton Starch: (plants) alpha bond the storage form of glucose in plants Fiber: beta bond (plants) Soluble and insoluble fiber: soluble fiber dissolves in water / insoluble fiber does not / fibers can be added to processed foods to thicken foods and reduce fat and calories Carbohydrate digestion and absorption: break down all disaccharides and complex carbohydrates into monosaccharides for absorption / digestion begins in the mouth with salivary amylase released during the process of chewing Why does lactose intolerance cause gas and bloating when milk is consumed?: missing the lactase enzyme so lactose is not digested The effects of dietary fiber on GI function and health: helps prevent constipation and other gastrointestinal diseases Glycemic response: how quickly and how high blood glucose rises after carbohydrates are consumed Glycemic index: a ranking of how a food affects the glycemic response factors that affect blood glucose levels after eating and when fasting. Blood glucose is regulated by pancreatic hormones Insulin vs. glucagon: if blood glucose is too high then no glucagon is secreted / insulin is always secreted
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Molecular mechanism of insulin: initiates its action by binding to a glycoprotein receptor on the surface of the cell. This receptor consists of an alpha-subunit, which binds the hormone, and a beta-subunit, which is an insulin-stimulated, tyrosine-specific protein kinase -muscle -cells -fat -liver the key steps involved in metabolizing glucose to produce ATP What is the purpose of glycolysis: first pathway used in the breakdown of glucose to extract energy What is acetyl CoA: main function is to deliver the acetyl group to the citric acid cycle to be oxidized for energy production.
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  • Spring '18
  • Macy Shen

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