It allows specification of the information needed to support the tasks

It allows specification of the information needed to

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It allows specification of the information needed to support the tasks .
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Management Principles Responsibility and Authority: Responsibility is an individual’s obligation to achieve desired results, while authority is an individual’s power to make decisions within the limits of that responsibility. Managers delegate responsibility and authority downward to subordinates.
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Management Principles Span of Control: the number of subordinates directly under the manager’s control Managers with narrow spans of control require detailed reports. Managers with broad spans of control require summarized information. Narrow Span of Control Wide Span of Control
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Management Principles Management by Exception: Managers should limit their attention to potential problem areas. Reports should focus on changes in key factors that are asymptomatic of potential problems.
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Management Function, Level, and Decision Type Top Management Middle Management Operations Management Operations Strategic Planning Tactical Planning Management Control Operational Control
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Management Function, Level, and Decision Type Strategic Planning Decisions: global goals and objectives the scope of business activities organization’s structure management philosophy long-term, broad scope and impact highly summarized, high degree of uncertainty non-recurring require external and internal information sources
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Management Function, Level, and Decision Type Tactical Planning Decisions: subordinate to strategic decisions They: are shorter term are more specific are recurring have more certain outcomes have a lesser impact on the firm than strategic decisions
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Management Function, Level, and Decision Type Management Control Decisions involve managers in all functional areas using resources as productively as possible. The manager compares the performance of subordinates against standards and either rewards them or takes corrective action. Measuring the performance of managers’ actions is difficult because sound decisions with long-term benefits may negatively impact the current period’s bottom line.
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Management Function, Level, and Decision Type Operational Control Decisions ensure that the firm operates with pre-established criteria. They are: narrower more focused more structured more dependent have a shorter time frame than strategic and tactical decisions because they are concerned with routine tasks
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Problem Structure The problem structure reflects how well the decision maker understands the problem. Elements of problem structure: data procedures objectives
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Problem Structure Strategic Management Tactical Management Operations Management Operations Information System Use Management Level Problem Structure Unstructured Structured Partially Structured Traditional IS Non-Traditional IS
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Management Reports Report Objectives - reports must have
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