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•Lincoln’s 10% plan allowed for southern states to pledge loyalty to the government and once 10% of the population did so they were able to set up a state government. •Radicals – Wade-Davis Bill – authorized the president to appoint a provisional governor for each conquered state. Once the 10% was met the governor could summon a const. convention whose delegates were elected by those who were under and Ironclad Oath (never borne arms against the U.S.). Constitutions had to disenfranchise civil and military leaders, abolish slavery, and repudiate debts. Lincoln vetoed the bill, enraged Radicals.“The Death of Lincoln”•Lincoln was killed in Ford’s theater by John Wilkes Booth. Assassination was also directed toward other political figures such as the Secretary of State and the Vice President. Spurred uproar from Northerners. “Johnson and ‘Restoration’”•Andrew Johnson was not suited by circumstance or personality for the task of being president at the time. He was intemperate and once declared “White men alone must manage the South.” Restoration Plan – amnesty to those who took oath of allegiance and many similar aspects to that of the Wade-Davis Bill. •By the end of 1865 al seceded states had formed governments and were prepared to rejoin the Union but Radical Republicans presented resistance to such measures. SUMMARYAs the war came to a conclusion, the South was left in disarray while the North was deciding the best possible means of readmission for the former Confederates. The resulting plans included Lincoln’s 10% plan that took a more lenient approach to reunion and the Wade-Davis Bill and the Restoration plan.
Nikhil TutejaPeriod 4 – MouwAP U.S. HistoryCUE COLUMNNOTE-TAKING COLUMN“ Radical Reconstruction”•Congressional/Radical Reconstruction“The Black Codes”•Black Codes•Civil Rights Act of 1866•What were actions taken by Congress in response to the Black Codes?“The 14thAmendment”•14thAmendment•What policies did the amendment encompass and how would these be responded to by Southerners?“The Congressional Plan”•Reconstruction Acts of 1867•What was the coherent plan emplaced under the Radical Republicans in Congress?•15thAmendment•Tenure of Office Act•Command of the Army Act•Where there and opposition in the Radical Republicans’ efforts to negate judicial and presidential interference?“The Impeachment of the President”•Impeachment Trial“Radical Reconstruction”•Congress reconvened in December of 1865 creating a new Joint Committee on Reconstruction to frame a Reconstruction policy of its own – Congressional/Radical Reconstruction“The Black Codes”•Events in the South were driving Northern opinion in even more radical directions – state legislature were enacting sets of laws known as the Black Codes, designed to give whites control over former slaves. Congress responded by extending the life of the Freedmen’s Bureau and passing the first Civil