Some of the subsequent advances for workers included unions shorter work days

Some of the subsequent advances for workers included

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Some of the subsequent advances for workers included unions, shorter work days, higher wages, and the gradual abolition of child labor. As shown in Document 22.4, Russia also began to investigate problems in the workplace. An interesting fact emerges from comparing these two documents: as industrialization took hold in different countries, working conditions were remarkably similar, even when the industrialization occurred one hundred years apart. How can you tell that the level of income for such workers is not enough to sustain a decent life? In the second article it says that many of the female factory workers, from chocolate factories to calendar factories work for less than 1 ruble a day working as much as 12 hours a day. It also says the average monthly wage was about 22 rubles or about $11 a month. Even for the early 20 th century, that was still very little money.
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How do you account for the fact that, industrially, Russia seems so very far behind England (and therefore, Western Europe as a whole)? Industrially Russia in the early 20 th century still had to rely on peasant workers in their factories that were primitive by England’s standards. Also, socially, labor unions were only declared legal in 1906 and their power were severely limited.
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  • Spring '18
  • Cynthia Smith

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