Social Cognition-Behind Our MasksOBJ:16.2.2KEY:Application152.Arranging to perform under conditions that usually impair performance, so as to have an excuse for a poor showing is known asa.self-handicapping.b.the fundamental attribution error.c.cognitive dissonance.d.social biasing.ANS: APTS:1DIF:ModerateREF:Social Cognition-Behind Our MasksOBJ:16.2.3KEY:Fact82
153.By providing an excuse for poor performance, which of the following makes people feel better in situations where they might fail? a.upward comparisonsb.cognitive dissonancec.self-handicappingd.the fundamental attribution errorANS: CPTS:1DIF:ModerateREF:Social Cognition-Behind Our MasksOBJ:16.2.3KEY:ConceptMSC:* (New Question)154.Self-handicapping takes place when a persona.is undergoing a period of depression.b.does not feel very confident about succeeding.c.is attempting to avoid the fundamental attribution error.d.is habituating to a threatening situation.ANS: BPTS:1DIF:ModerateREF:Social Cognition-Behind Our MasksOBJ:16.2.3KEY:Concept155.People who succeed while self-handicappinga.are showing a strong belief in themselves.b.will get a self-image boost.c.are attempting to avoid success.d.will tend to feel very guilty and become even more depressed.ANS: BPTS:1DIF:ModerateREF:Social Cognition-Behind Our MasksOBJ:16.2.3KEY:Concept156.Before taking an exam, a self-handicapping person with a fragile self-image maya.study very hard to get the best grade possible.b.get drunk beforehand to provide an excuse for poor performance.c.blame the teacher for his or her failure.d.want those around him or her to provide psychological support.ANS: BPTS:1DIF:ModerateREF:Social Cognition-Behind Our MasksOBJ:16.2.3KEY:ApplicationMSC: www157.College athletes who practice less than usual before the important game in order to have an excuse for poor performance are illustrating the concept ofa.actor-observer bias.83
b.the fundamental attribution error.c.groupthink.d.self-handicapping.ANS: DPTS:1DIF:ModerateREF:Social Cognition-Behind Our MasksOBJ:16.2.3KEY:Application158.Jason waits until the last week to begin his term paper and finds all the “good” resources checked out. When he receives a D on his paper, he explains to his parents about the lack of materials he had to work with in order to “pull this paper together.” Jason’s procrastination provided him with an excuse for his poor performance. This example illustrates the concept ofa.self-handicapping.b.actor-observer bias.c.the fundamental attribution error.d.the autokinetic effect.ANS: APTS:1DIF:DifficultREF:Social Cognition-Behind Our MasksOBJ:16.2.3KEY:Application
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