Expands musical ideas 4 Concluding messages a Provides closure Ch 15 Classical

Expands musical ideas 4 concluding messages a

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Expands musical ideas 4) Concluding messages a. Provides closure Ch. 15: Classical forms Theme & Variations Melody is altered, decorated, or adored in some way by changing the pitch, rhythm, harmony or mode “Twinke Twinkle little star” by Mozart Rondo one of the oldest forms: ABACA
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classical rondo must have at least 3 statements of (A) & at least 2 contrasting sections (B, C) o creates a symmetrical pattern quick, light jovial was the last movement o Finale= “end” Haydni Trumpet Concerto 3 rd movement (finale) trumpets and horns were natural instruments- without valves difficulty of Haydi’s Concerto anticipates the continued technical development of the trumpet Ch. 16: Classical genre (instrumental music) The symphony & the symphony orchestra Symphony a multi-movement composition for orchestra lasting about 25 min. in the Classical Era (an hour in Romantic Era) o Origins in sinfonia —Baroque opera overture in 3 sections (F-S-F) o Sections expanded into movements o 4 th movement added (Minuet) (Fast-Slow-Minuet-Fast) o Public concerts become popular o Terms resulting: symphony hall & symphony orchestra Classical symphony orchestra Increased in size Moved from private court to public auditorium Variety & color created-woodwinds (27 players): o String: bulk of music material o Woodwinds: add richness & colorful counterpoint o French horns: sonorous background o Trumpets & percussion: provided brilliance “Mozart Symphony No. 40 G Minor” Opus + BWV + Kochel= 3 catologs Kochel Identifies Mozart’s 600+ compositions Chronological order Created by Ludwig Von Kochel String quartet genre of chamber music
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o Made by Joseph Haydn o Among 4 players: o 2 violins, viola, cella o 1 player per part o Form: F-S-M-F o Played by professionals and amateurs/ Haydn & Mozart o “Haydn: the Emperor Quartet, Opus No. 3” o Based on military and political events o Honored Emperor Franz II o Tune was national anthem for Austria and Germany o Protestant hymn o This was Haydn’s favorite composition o Theme & Variations The concerto Large scale, multi-movements work for instrumental soloist & orchestra 3 movements (no minuet) Mozart: wrote 23 piano concertos o Considered father of modern piano concerto Ritornello: return to A “Mozart: Piano concert in A major: Allegro” o piano & orchestra have a give-and-take theme o written for student Barbara Ployer o Sonata-allegro form o Double exposition: orchestra 1 st introduces 1 st , 2 nd , and closing themes; soloist enters & pays the thematic material o Use of cadenza- solo virtuosic display by artist found at the end of development Ch. 17: Classical Genres: Vocal Music Vocal music: classical opera Rise of opera buffa (comic opera) o Realistic characters o Recitative & aria o Moves smoothly o Rapid changes in mood Use of vocal ensembles o Multiple characters sing simultaneously o Each character responds to dramatic action o Ensemble often closes a scene or act o Typifies the more democratic spirit of the late 18 th century
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Mass & Operas Haydn, Mozart, & Beethoven Opera made of recitative & aria o Recitative: function—narrate the plot, faster 1 st
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  • Spring '19
  • Music, Chamber music, Baroque music, basso continuo,  Baroque

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