Nurses filled out these questionnaires anonymously

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questionnaire format for demographic, role overload, managerial coping and burnout. Nurses filled out these questionnaires anonymously and returned them in the same or following day. Data were presented using descriptive statistic. In article 2, Predictors of Burnout, Work Engagement and Nurse Reported Job Outcomes and Quality of Care: A Mixed Method, was based on a explanatory sequential study design. Data was collected between January 2015 and ended on March 2015. This mixed study consisted of a cross-sectional study in two large acute hospitals and the second study was conducted with individual semi-structured interviews with staff nurses and managers working in medical or surgical units (Mohamed, 2016). Both of these were conducted independently. This mixed study consisted of different phases: first phase was the quantitative approach, second phase was qualitative study, and third phase was qualitative study results. The data was collected from participant working in direct care in either medical, surgical, obstetric, geriatric or intensive care units that included both adult and pediatric care units in two acute care university hospitals (Mohamed, 2016). The data was used in descriptive phenomenological approach. The two investigators used a descriptive thematic analysis and data collection and analysis occurred simultaneously. Study Results In article 1, Relationship Among Nurses Role Overload, Burnout, and Managerial Coping Strategies at Intensive Care Units A Qualitative Study , 60 participants were used and more than three quarters of the participants were aged less than 30 years and more than a quarter worked at CCU, 98% were females and half of them were single. 44%. (Mohamed, 2016). In this study the General ICU and burnout in the postoperative ICU had the highest mean score. These results validate that these nurses have high level of stress due to dealing with more death and
4 Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations dying. Nurses working on these units rarely see their patients improve to go home and must deal with coping mechanisms to overcome the job stress. A study was also done to support this on female hospital nurses. This study concluded that affective-oriented coping was significantly associated with depressive symptoms, even after controlling the effects of job stress, nursing related work experience and social support (Mohamed, 2016). Reports show that with proper coping training being provided would greatly reduce the result of being burnout. Also, burnout

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