Wanted to create a city that was functional, made four zones, work, living, transportation. Connection with the CIAM city planning. Transporation was important. V1-V6 Cars V7 Pedestrians - The capital buildings are all located at the head of the city, creates a hiearchy of the city with the most important at the top. Highest paid closest to the administrative center, further away you go down lower on the social and economic scale. - In monumental center it uses idea of open spaces between buildings to see them across great distances to show you what great government looks like. Open Hand: Space for public speaking, to openly engage in dialogue and express civil ideas. Only for citizens to be engaged in the large dialogue. What power should look like. Secretariat: - Everything is concrete because it is inexpensive, easily made, similar to traditional building materials to create formwork. - Similar to Habitacion de unitacion o Unrelenting grid, relieved by sculptural form of the staircase. o Deliberate contrast from graph and curvo linear artistic form of that staircase. o Objet-Type repeated. o Plastic cantilever aesthetic provides relief. Assembly Building: - Play of the brise soleil: Suns screen. Honey comb pattern that creates shadows and blocks direct sunlight. - Porch provides curve relief from the repitiion Abstracting focused on the what the precolonial ideas, and the longevity of Indian architecture. o It meant locating the building in a sense of time about the idea that time lasted forever. Timelessness and history. o Funnel form allowed tracking of the sun across the sky. o Funnel emerges from the flat landscape relates to the landscape itself which refers to the plains and acts as a mountain. o Relationship to the heavens and suns. o Composed of a series of rectangles. Louis I. Kahn, National Assembly, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 1962-83
Critical Regionalism: Haptic/Optic: Establishment of independence and throwing of colonial rule. - Mexico looks to Paris, beaux arts for inspiration of what a modern city should be. Adamo Boari Palacio de Bellas Artas, Mexico City, 1904-18938 - Monumental object - Plaza Hints of quotations from the western architectural legacy. - Reclining sculptures that resemble the Michelangelo’s architecture sculptures. Direct quotation from the legacy of European art and architecture. - Quotations from Aztec sculpture, imagery. Interior: - Monumental interior space - European ideas of grandeur and monumentality - Bifarcated staircase - Polished marble La Nueva Democracia (1945) - Struggle for independence and democracy. - Transforms building that was European in character that was more national. - Personification of democracy, she is bound in chains but behind her she has left behind the imposition of European colonial rule. - The political struggle informs what Mexican architecture is, reflects European ideas of architecture to something else. Juan O’ Gorman, Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo - Deeply engaged with the communist party and workers revolution - Avant-garde artistic movement in their work. Diego Rivera House and Studio - Impact of color, landscape and light in a different geographical and cultural context. o Deep blues and deep reds. o Found precolonial associations with color. o Blue used for centuries in context to ward off equal spirits. Folk traditions
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 19 pages?