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According to Health People 2020, STD’s can cause damaging and often permanent complications such as cancer, fetal problems, and future reproductive health issues. (Sexually Transmitted Diseases, n.d.). Increasing education about and resources for the prevention of STD’s is paramount for the health of the city. The CDC recommends sexual abstinence, monogamy, vaccinations, and the use of condoms to decrease the number of STD infections and promote health both now and well into the future (How You Can Prevent Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 2014).
TASK 17(C1) Three Problem AreasSubstance abuse is a problem both within Sentinel City as well as nationally. Per Healthy People 2020, approximately 22 million people in America dealt with an addiction in 2005 (Substance Abuse, n.d.). Within Sentinel City alone, 39% of the most commonly reported arrests were related to substances (American Sentinel University, 2017). The goal of Healthy People 2020 is to “reduce substance abuse to protect the health, safety, and quality of life for all, especially children” (Substance Abuse, n.d.). Another problem indicated by data from the Sentinel City School District, only 50% of students were fully vaccinated last year (American Sentinel University, 2017). Healthy People 2020 reports that roughly 42, 000 adults and 300 kids pass away every year in the U.S. from diseases that are preventable with vaccination. Their goal, therefore, is to “increase immunizationrates and reduce preventable infectious diseases” (Immunization and Infection Disease, n.d.).The last problem, listed in the data provided by Sentinel City Healthcare System, is that 21% of patients seen by the Emergency Department are for complaints of coughing and 4% are for complaints of shortness of breath (American Sentinel University, 2017). Healthy People 2020 states, “The burden of respiratory diseases affects individuals and their families, schools, workplaces, neighborhoods, cities, and states. Because of the cost to the health care system, the burden of respiratory diseases also falls on society.” Therefore, it is the goal of Healthy People 2020 to “promote respiratory health through better prevention, detection, treatment, and education efforts” (Respiratory Diseases, n.d.). (C2) Discussion of Community Resources
TASK 18Sentinel City has several community resources that are available to help with increasing education about immunizations and to help in increasing the numbers of immunized persons in order to reduce vaccine preventable diseases. The Better Health Clinic provides preventative health services. Medicaid and charitable healthcare assistance is available according to data fromCity Hall and Sentinel City Healthcare provides primary care clinics with pediatric specialties as well (American Sentinel University, 2017). All of these resources combined are vital to providing the citizens of Sentinel City necessary education and services to help increase immunizations rates and decrease disease.