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Youngest 8 year old Hispanic male Oldest was a 50 year old Hispanic female OGs or Veteranos may be in their early teensGang membership covers a complete age spectrum and shows no gender or racial boundaries oMigration Suggested that California-based gangs migrated to other parts of the country and then started new gangs or set their own gang Early 1990s suggested that most gangs were homegrown Most street gangs are a function of local geography and demographics Little if any documented street gang movement between states
Media helped export the gang culture to other states and worldwideGang culture literally had saturated the country and was entering mainstream society Migrating gang members had minima influence on the formation of street gangs outside CA in the early 1990s When the occasional move did happen, transplanted gang members had a profound effect on the local community where they resettled. When the move happened, other street gangs had a tendency to to form Newly arrived gangs tend to be a bit more organized than their parent groups Transplanted gang member assumes an immediate degree of street stature simply because he or she is from California or Chicago Automatic street status given to any gang member who claims to hail from California, especially rom SoCal, or Chicago oImmigration Some gangs specifically recruit from these populations or form newgangs themselves When a new Latino-based gang forms, it will often use a West Coast gang name If you claim membership in a gang that appears to be a SoCal gang, all of the members have to be from California Gives members of the gang instant recognition When a transplanted LA-based gang member gets relocated; he receives instant street respect and accreditation from the local gangs oQuality of Life Family moving could be another factor that influences migration and immigration If there is a existing street gang in the new area, these youths tend to migrate towards it No gangs in the areas, the transplanted families inadvertently can potentially bring a gang seed with them Start up new gangs or factions of the gang they belonged to In the Midwest and East Coast, these gangs tend to take on a distinct West Coast style Names like Sureno, Sureno-13, Crips, Bloods, MS-13, or 18thStreetoEmployment Many minimum- wage paying jobs in the Midwest and East Coast and these types of jobs are an ideal form of employment for immigrant and migrant working families
Search for employment has driven West Coast and newly arrived families to move to where the work is Once relocated, youths have instant notoriety with the local population of young people Some form a clique of their LA-based gangs Seasonal-agriculture working families survive by moving from area to area in search of employment New children become the target of local gangsForm a gang initially for protection and the cycle starts again