Homophonic one main melody accompanied by chords form

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Homophonic: One main melody accompanied by chords Form Form: The organization of a composition Binary: AB Ternary: ABA’ Style *Style: The character of music General Classical, Rock, Jazz, Hip Hop, Folk, Various ethnic forms. Part 2: Middle Ages (450-1450) MASS Consists of prayers, psalms, cantilations, antiphons, responses, hymns and readings Mass- Eucharist- body and blood, Last Supper Ordinary- parts that stay the same (Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Santus, Agnus Dei) Early Church Music Neumes- not exact pitches Gregorian Chant, which is monophonic, is named after Pope Gregory Church frowned(拍拍拍) on instrumental music. The vocal music reflected a spiritual rather than a physical content. Melodies and Rhythm based on text Church modes. Melodic scales Monophonic texture: everyone sang the same part without harmony
(CD/Track from text) (Additional You Tube sites included) Alleluia: Vidimus stellum Anonymous, monophonic (Gregorian Chant 1/47) Gregorian Chant, which is monophonic, is named after Pope Gregory Hildegard of Bingen 1098-1179 (Germany) O Successores (Woman 1/50) Nun, mystic, woman. Wrote on poetry, music science, theology Secular Goliard Songs-11-12 th cent. Latin songs of Wine, women and satire (Carmina Burana) Jongleurs (minstrels, low rung of society ) epic songs of heroic deeds 12-13 th cent. Troubadours Singer songwriters. French Noblemen soldier/poets Minnesinger/Meistersinger-Guilded German (union) Estampie 13 th Century (Instrumental 1/51) Dance to tune such as the estampie. Triple meter. Instrumental Dance Music Popular Instruments harp, vielle, organistrum, lute, flute, recorder, shawm, oboe, bagpipes wood and brass trumpets, organ Organum (700-900 ) Medieval music that consists of Gregorian Chant and one more additional line. This texture is Polyphonic. Cantus Firmus: The original chant part of Organum. School of Notre Dame (1170) composers Leonin and Perotin created organum with definite time value . Called Measured Rhythm New Art Ars Nova (14 th cent.) Not Chant centered. Duple meter instead of music in triple meter. Melody switches to upper voices-Treble dominated Hundred Year War and plague Secular influenced music is becoming more popular Notation, syncopation, Machaut (1300-77) (France) Agnus Dei part of Mass ordinary . (Organum 1/53) Part 2 (continued): Renaissance (1450-1600) I Fall of Constantinople in 1453 to Ottomans and the movement of Byzantine intellectuals to the west bringing the Glory of Greece.
Humanism: focused on human life and its accomplishments . Moveable type 1453 The Reformation 95 theses 1517 Money with the bankers and the strong families Bling II Characteristics vocal word painting: Close relationship between words and music Composed harmonic structures Golden Age of A cappella: unaccompanied choral music.

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