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•1850s = execution at horse-thieves and desperados by vigilance committees in frontier areas. during reconstruction began to assume modern form = killing of Blacks by mobs, 1889 more Blacks (94) than whites (76) lynched for first time in U.S. history.How the states disenfranchised Blacks and many poor whites •failure of 'fusion' movement of Populists = conservatives resort to: - 35 -
Negrophobia~to diffuse class resentment •Fraudulent Black ballots frorn delta districts to beat Populist candidates•White capping: how Blacks were driven out of skilled or lucrative jobs 14 of 15 jockeys in 1875 Kentucky Derby were Slack; they were soon forced out of this profitable occupation, from which they continue to be almost completely blocked. i.e.: Uncle Hoskins in Black Boy Booker T Washington and the Atlanta CompromiseHow physical degradation followed from I, II, III, IV 1860 Blacks = 14% of population; 1970 = 11% Elizabeth Etheridge, The Euttprflv Ca~te(a social history of pellagra) James H. Jones BadBlood(Tuskegee syphilis study)An Explanation for Jim CrowPaternalisticCompetitiveascribed statusacquired statussocial distancephysical distancedistant intimacyJim Crow or physical segregation of racesmaster-servant modelcompetition between subordinate race and working class of dominant racemiscegenationracial ghettos/rape fantasieslower caste child-like, jollylower caste insolent1threateningcondescending tolerance, noblesse obligevirulent bigotry lynching, race riots, white capping- 36 -