were taking advantage of the farmers. The rate of farmer tenancy was increasing dramatically and the government was doing nothing to protect them.1892: The Populist Party: A third party that hoped to speak for farmers, and knew that unskilled industrial wage laborers were doing poorly as well. Wanted to ally with them. They recommend a number of reforms, including the direct election of senators as a way for their voices to be heard. Wanted labor legislation, coming back to the max-hour day. They also recommend a graduated income tax(more money? more taxes!) Also recommend regulations of public industries, such as railroads and telegraph. They win multiple local elections to try to get these bills passed. End up getting nothing passed at the time, but their demands end up being met during the progressive era later on.9/23: Becoming a World PowerWhat should our foreign policy goals be? Security?By the Civil War, the US boundaries go from the 49th parallel to the Rio Grande. After the war, many people (many army veterans, William Henry Sewardbelieved that the U.S had to expand north and south. No wars were about to start, so Seward promotes Pacific Island expansion. Tries to buy the Virgin Islands, among other islands, unsuccessfully. Does acquire Alaska, however, in 1867 after convincing Congress.In 1872, a Navy officer makes a deal with Samoa to allow the U.S to use their harbor as aNavy base and refueling station. Spawns American Samoa.Hawaii:American Christian missionaries move to hawaii to convert the people, and some businessmen go to seek new opportunities. By the end of the Civil War, Americans own 75% of the wealth of the islands. These planters convinced the Hawaiian king to create a constitutional monarchy. The planters immediately get seats in the parliament of this monarchy and try to control the politics of the kingdom. McKinley Tariff of 1890. The U.S passes a tariff on sugar after Queen Lili’uokalani comes into power in the 1890’s.