11. Which of the following was not a reason for the decline of the power of the ‘Abbasid Caliphate?
An earthquake that caused half of Baghdad to slide into the Tigris River led to political chaos.12.In the Battle of Yarmouk,In the Battle of Yarmouk,an Arab Muslim army defeated a Roman army. This Muslim victory would allow the Muslims to go on to conquer Roman territories in Egypt, Syria, and Palestine13. After the death of Muhammad,his successors, the first caliphs, led the Arab peoples in a series of conquests, building an empire that covered most of North Africa and the Middle East.14. Which of the following is nota guide to behavior for Muslims?The al-Azif, a set of prophecies delivered to ‘Abd al-Hazrad.15.In addition to having defeated the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem in battle, Salah al-Din’s other major accomplishment was to haveoverthrown the Shi’ite Fatimid Caliphate in Egypt.16.Non-Muslims living in Muslim-ruled territorywere required to pay a tax called jizya, but otherwise allowed to practice their religion17. What was the eventual fate of the Ayyubid sultanate that Salah al-Din established in Egypt?