Moreover the maturity of renewable energy technologies and creation of market

Moreover the maturity of renewable energy

This preview shows page 38 - 41 out of 144 pages.

waste to energy. Moreover, the maturity of renewable energy technologies and creation of market based framework would lead to autonomous growth of this sector post 2022. 5.2.4 Hydro-Power and Nuclear Generation: These two sources of power generation would further diversify the sources of electricity generation in India. Though, India was able to add just above 2 GW of hydro power capacity in the 12th five year period and the nucle- ar power capacity remain unchanged, the ambitious scenario considers increased deploy- ment of these two sources. 5.2.5 Storage Capacity: Since, the penetration of renewables is high in both the scenario, adequate storage capacities, both Battery and pumped hydro would be required in order to check the intermittency of the renewable sources of electricity generation. The storage capacity requirement is higher in ambitious scenario than BAU. 5.2.6 Biofuels: Enhanced use of liquid biofuels (1st and 2nd generation, advanced biofuels) would try to curb the country’s oil imports. And biogas could be used for cooking in rural areas. 5.2.7 Aggregate Technical and Commercial (AT&C) Loses: A reduction in AT&C loses, introduc- tion of smart grids, enhanced reliability of grid and trade of electricity with a transnational grid in place is taken into account while creating the two scenarios. 5.2.8 New Technologies: Enhanced hydrogen production is envisaged in the ambitious scenario to cater for the increased demand from fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) in transport sector and hydrogen run telecom towers. Since, the Ambitious scenario assumes a higher penetration of renewables than BAU, the energy supply from renewables would be higher in the former scenario. And overall, a lower amount of energy would be required to fuel the energy demand in the ambitious scenario because of the reduced demand in ambitious scenario due to efficiency measures and technology interventions. 14
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The Table 5 depicts an increased quantity of renewable energy supplied in the ambitious scenario and decreased use of coal and oil. However, an increased quantity of natural gas would be required in the ambitious scenario as it assumes higher penetration of the same in industry, cook- ing, transport and gas power stations. The per capita energy consumption would rise from 500 kgoe/capita to 1175-1522 kgoe/capita in the BAU and ambitious scenario respectively. a. Energy Supply: 2012 2047 TWh BAU Scenario Ambitious Scenario Nuclear 76 523 902 Renewable Energy 190 2205 2878 Agriculture/waste 1060 1510 1936 Coal 3272 15155 9790 Oil 1938 8434 5385 Natural gas 571 2331 2402 Total 7108 30158 23294 Table 5 15 b. Installed Capacity: 2012 2047 GW BAU Scenario Ambitious Scenario Gas Power Stations 24 50 83 Coal power stations 125 333 459 Carbon Capture Storage (CCS) 0 35 80 Nuclear power 5 26 45 Hydro Power Generation 41 75 105 Solar PV 1 306 346 Solar CSP 0 90 131 Onshore Wind 17 213 230 Offshore Wind 0 20 62 Small Hydro 3 20 30 Distributed Solar PV 0 191 216 Biomass 5 11 23
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Table 6 Since, the ambitious scenario has reduced demand and increased domestic supply, the import dependence in this scenario will be less than BAU scenario (Table 8). The import dependence can
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