Temperament a persons characteristic inborn style of

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Temperament- A person’s characteristic, inborn style of dealing with the world.
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Head Start – A federal program offering high-quality day care at a center and other services to help preschoolers aged 3 to 5 from low-income families prepare for school. Early head start – A federal program that provides counseling and other services to low- income parents and children under age 3 Preschool – A teaching-oriented group setting for children aged 3 to 5. Family day care – A day care arrangement in which a neighbor or relative cares for a small number of children in her home for a fee. Day care center – A day-care arrangement in which a large number of children are cared for at a licensed facility by paid providers. Autonomy- Erikson’s second psychosocial task, when toddlers confront the challenge of understanding that they are separate individuals. Self-conscious emotions – feelings of pride, shame or guilt, which first emerge around the age of 2 and show the capacity to reflect on the self. Socialization – The process by which children are taught to obey the norms of society and to behave in socially appropriate ways. Power assertion – an ineffective socialization strategy that involves yelling, screaming, or hitting out in frustration at a child. Goodness of fit – An ideal parenting strategy that involves arranging children’s environments to suit their temperaments, minimizing their vulnerabilities and accentuating their strengths. What is it like to feel intensely in love with someone? Cannot stop fantasizing about your SO Your moves blend with your partners You connect in a unique way Knowing that this person is there gives you confidence You feel uncomfortable when you are separated 1. This how a baby feels about their mother and powerful emotions that flow from a mother to her child Attachment: The Basic Life Bond History (During much of the 20th century) a. Behaviorists (Watson, Skinner) minimized human attachment need b. Believed “maternal reinforcing stimulus” (feeding) created infant’s need to be close to caregiver c. John Watson, strict behaviorist 1. Appeared hostile to the idea of attachment 2. Crusaded against the dangers of “too much” mother love (e.g., “bless it’s little heart” made him walk off, wishes different nurses fed & bathed them each week) Attachment: History Ethologists: early evolutionary psychologists (animal behavior)
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a. Noticed that every species had a biologically programmed attachment response (drive to be physically close to their mothers) that appeared soon after birth b. Konrad Lorenz (1935): 1. Believed in a biologically programmed attachment response 2. Research with goslings – “imprinting”- became their mother c. But… US psychologists still weren’t convinced that attachment was important. It took Harlow!
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Christopher Reinemann
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