Students remember some of what they hear much of what

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writing and speaking. Students remember some of what they hear, much of what they read and more of what they see. However, if students are to remember, understand and embody what they learn, they need to experience their learning. Because each student is unique and learns differently, some students must touch or do in order to experience learning. Using multiple, varied teaching learning resources then is integral so that student's experience as they learn and also develops their multiple intelligences. In most Pakistani schools the government prescribed textbook is the only teaching learning tool. Rarely do teachers use other resources to support the learning. However, many other resources are available, accessible and affordable. For all subjects, these are: - Textbooks - Teachers guides - Students workbooks - Visual aids such as charts, models etc. - Videotapes - Computers - Community - The environment There are a number of teaching and learning materials required for effective teaching of particular subjects. For example Field trip Guest speaker Computer software Internet (Websites, online libraries)
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National Curriculum for Pakistan Culture 2010 — Teaching and Learning Resource 30 Guideline for Writing a Textbook A textbook is an important teaching and learning resource and one of the most extensively used resources is Pakistani classrooms. Basic features of a textbook The textbook serve as a framework for teaching through the year. Must have accurate and up-to-date material The material must be sufficient to give students the knowledge they need to understand the concepts, develop the skills and engage in higher order thinking The material should help students understand the world in which they live, prepare for exams, prepare for life, raise their standard The materials must be mistake free so it can be trusted. . The material must be unbiased. The book must be attractive and engaging Illustrations must vary from page to page. Activities suggested must vary from page to page. End-of-the-chapter exercises must vary from chapter to chapter. They should encourage students to think, develop skills, use information for a variety of purpose. Table of contents including subtopics. Index Glossary Must be contextually relevant (feasible to use in classrooms, affordable, examples from context to increase relevance and meaning) Guideline of Teacher’s Guide Textbooks should come with a teacher’s guide aimed at informing teachers of how the textbook is written and how best to use it to facilitate student learning. Teacher guides provide detailed explanation of key concepts. Way to teach a particular topic, provide further examples that could be given to facilitate learning. Teacher’s guide serves to educate teachers and thus could be seen as a means of helping teachers develop professionally.
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  • Fall '19
  • pakistani culture

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