46 the architecture of modern italy Architecture in both Carloss great building

46 the architecture of modern italy architecture in

This preview shows page 46 - 49 out of 280 pages.

46 the architecture of modern italy
Image of page 46
Architecture in both Carlos’s great building projects was employed judiciously as an instrument to stabilize and regulate society. If Caserta is the last in the line of symbols of absolute rule, the Albergo dei Poveri is the progenitor of architectural instruments of social control in the centuries to follow. giovanni battista piranesi Into this context of shifting patterns of making and thinking about architecture, Giovanni Battista Piranesi burst upon the scene as a wholly innovative interpreter of his cultural heritage.Although Piranesi built little, through his protean production of architectural images he became the initiator of an influential train of thought that courses through the architecture of modern Italy. Piranesi was educated in Venice, where the Palladian heritage combined with his own family traditions in stonecutting and hydraulic engineering.The architectural culture of the time was dominated by the polymath Carlo Lodoli, thirty years Piranesi’s senior, who led the debate among Venetians on the relationship between past antiquity and present architecture. Lodoli’s criterion of functional and material rigor repudiated the validity of the Vitruvian canon as codified, for example, in Palladio’s masterly drawings. Ornament, not to be denied its communicative usefulness, would be conscientiously applied to architectural structure in a purely decorative manner:“nothing that doesn’t appear to represent what is actually its function.”While the French theorist Antoine Laugier hypothesized theoretical principles in a primitive hut, Lodoli discussed instead concrete achievements in ancient engineering of the Etruscan civilization. Lodoli found material beauty in an architecture born of necessity and usefulness and fostered in the minds of his followers an image of, as he is to have said,“an eternally youthful flowering of architecture.” Piranesi’s first practical engagement with architecture came in the theater.The complex perspectival illusions of the eighteenth- century stage were Piranesi’s basic training, which he also put to use 47 the challenge of tradition, 1750–1900
Image of page 47
making urban views, vedute , of Venice he sold to tourists. Both modes of expression, scenography and vedutismo , emphasize the personal experience of architectural space and led to Piranesi’s production of the architectural fantasies, or capricci , popular at the time. Piranesi’s etchings proved a highly fertile experiment nurturing a visual and visceral approach to architecture. Picturing theatrical space, emphasizing point of view, charging lighting effects, and creating episodic sequences of changing views encouraged a reconsideration of the very mode of perceiving and re-creating the reality of architecture.“Perspective,” wrote Piranesi in his first publication, is “the source of architecture’s most important beauty,” and by perspective, prospettiva , he meant the viewing of form in space. In an analysis of his architectural views and, eventually, his built work, we
Image of page 48
Image of page 49

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 280 pages?

  • Spring '17
  • Archt. De Veyra

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors