Since the repulsive electrical force neutralizes the attractive gravitational

Since the repulsive electrical force neutralizes the

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Since the repulsive electrical force neutralizes the attractive gravitational force, the magnitudes of the two forces are equal: e m 2 2 Electrical Gravitational force, force, Equation 18.1 Equation 4.3 GM M k q q r r = ±²³²´ ±²³²´ Solving this equation for the magnitude q of the charge on either body, we find ( )( ) 2 11 24 22 2 13 e m 2 9 2 N m 6.67 10 5.98 10 kg 7.35 10 kg kg 5.71 10 C N m 8.99 10 C GM M q k × × × = = = × × ______________________________________________________________________________ 11. SSM WWW REASONING Initially, the two spheres are neutral. Since negative charge is removed from the sphere which loses electrons, it then carries a net positive charge. Furthermore, the neutral sphere to which the electrons are added is then negatively charged. Once the charge is transferred, there exists an electrostatic force on each of the two spheres, the magnitude of which is given by Coulomb's law (Equation 18.1), 2 1 2 / F k q q r = . SOLUTION a. Since each electron carries a charge of 19 1.60 10 C × , the amount of negative charge removed from the first sphere is ( ) 19 13 6 1.60 10 C 3.0 10 electrons 4.8 10 C 1 electron × × = × Thus, the first sphere carries a charge +4.8 × 10 –6 C, while the second sphere carries a charge - 4.8 × 10 –6 C. The magnitude of the electrostatic force that acts on each sphere is, therefore, ( )( ) ( ) 2 9 2 2 6 1 2 2 2 8.99 10 N m /C 4.8 10 C 0.83 N 0.50 m k q q F r × × = = = b. Since the spheres carry charges of opposite sign, the force is attractive . ______________________________________________________________________________
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