He believed that Muslims could achieve their freedom by having arm struggle against the British
and Sikhs. He believed that the evil in the Islamic Society had to be cured. He called for Jihad
Movement to over throw the non-Muslim force which was oppressing them.
In 1821 He went for Hajj and returned from Arabia in 1823 ready for action. At this time Punjab
and NWFP was in the control of Sikh and Muslims were unable to live according to their faith. In
1826 Syed Ahmad established his headquarters near Peshawar and sent a messenger asking
the ruler to allow Muslims follow their religion but the request was turn down so
he had no choice but to attack at Okara on 21
December 1826 and after that Hazarothe and
defeat the Sikhs. He was successful military leader and the mujahedeen force soon reached
80,000 men. When Syed Ahmad was about to attack the Fort of Attock he encountered the
army of Sikh of 35000 men. What he did not know was that Yar Muhammad Khan, a Pathan
chief was bribed by the Sikh and even his servant tried to poison him. Then Yar Muhammad
deserted him on the battle field along his men and thus this creates chaos and lead to defeat.
Syed Ahmad had no choice but to move his headquarters to safety of Panjtar near Kashmir but
was again betrayed when a person in his army told the British a secret way to attack them. In
Battle of Balakot 1831
a surprise attack was led by Sikh and Six hundred Muslims were killed
along with Syed Ahmed.
HAJI SHARIATULLAH (1781-1840)
He was born in 1781 in Faridpur district in East Bengal
. His family was poor. In 1799 He went to
Arabia on pilgrimage and stayed there for nineteen years. He was greatly influenced by the
teaching of Sheikh Muhammad Abdul Wahab
He believed that the miserable condition of the Muslims in India led to the country being Dar-
(Country under Foreign Rule). He wanted Muslims to return to what he thought was the
proper observation of Islamic duties called Faraizi. This was why he started his movement was
called Faraizi Movement. The Faraizi Movement supported the idea of Jihad against the non-
Muslims who were undermining the true principles of Islam.
He started Faraizi movement to restore the Pride of the Muslims and remove what he thought
were the Hindu practices. Emphasis was placed on praying for past sins and promising to lead a
righteous life in the future which had crept into their worship. The success of this movement
caused British and Hindu Landlord’s and they drove Haji out of the reign to Nawabganj in Dhaka
where he died in 1840. He divides East Bengal into circle under control of each Khalifa to carry
out religious activities. He helped the peasants to oppose land taxes and he threatened to
declare Jihad against the British so he was captured and put in prison where he died in 1860.