democrats.In 1862, he proclaimed that all persons who discouraged enlistment or engaged in
disloyal practices were subject to martial law.
10. For what reason was the "Union Party" created? Who were its candidates?
11. What two factions were trying to control the Republican Party and what were the goals of
each? What faction did Lincoln support?
12. How was this split in the Republican Party revealed in the debate over what to do about
slavery? What action did each faction propose? What did Lincoln do, and why?
13. What factors, other than political pressure, brought about the Emancipation Proclamation?
What did the Proclamation really accomplish? When did full emancipation really come?
14. What contributions did African Americans make to the Northern war effort? How did their
treatment reflect the general racial attitudes of white America?
15. What impact did the Civil War have on women in the North?
16. What part did women play in the Union's war effort?
17. Explain the origins of the Confederate government. How did its constitution differ from that
of the United States? Who were chosen as its leaders, and what problems did they face?