DSST Fundamentals of counseling

Dct requires an empathic relationship decision based

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DCT requires an empathic relationship; decision based counseling, and multicultural variables. This total approach is very integrative and views multiple demands on a person as necessitating a holistic approach that can adapt as required. Developmental counseling and therapy is based on three central constructs. The co constructive nature of relationships and knowledge A reformulation of Piaget’s cognitive stages of development A spherical framework that integrates the multiple ideas of psychotherapy The term Co construction refers to the notion that a client learns in relation to the counselor. Developmental counseling and therapy (DCT) is based on the fact that the two parties learn and grow together. This meeting of equals approach fosters personal growth and development as both client and counselor challenge themselves to assimilate their knowledge in different ways that are more appropriate for the current situation. A client who is in a sensorimotor stage of cognitive development will express his or her emotions through behavioral and physical means. This stage is also referred to as elemental and it is based on the fact that emotion is the cognition. The client will display tears if sad, violence if angry, smiles if happy, etc… The client can’t put words to the emotions and may also try to deny their feelings. A client in the concrete stage of cognitive development will be able to name feelings but be unable to reflect on those feelings. This stage is also known as Situational and the client provides on concrete recounts of an event or circumstance focusing on the facts and the details. While the counselor learns what happened or how the client was feeling, there is little acknowledgement of why the person did what they did or felt what they felt. A client in the Formal stage of cognitive development will be able to talk abstractly about their feelings and recognize patterns. Otherwise known as the Reflective stage, this is the level where self-knowledge and understanding start to arise. The understanding of why they are feeling a certain way or behaving like they do is the first step toward growth, however at the formal stage the client is unable to make the changes necessary to actually act on their new understanding of themselves. It is estimated that 25 to 40% of North American adults do not get to the formal stage of cognitive development. The last stage of cognitive development is the Dialectic stage. At this systematic point of cognition, the client is able to integrate all their personal reflections and multiple perspectives to devise a plan that will address any dysfunctional thoughts, feelings, or behaviors. They will be able to see their emotions as multidimensional and be able to reframe their emotions to suit the situation and context. Example: Being sad when a loved one passes away but also happy that the person is no longer suffering.
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Effective developmental counseling and therapy requires the counselor to identify the predominant cognitive developmental orientation of a client.
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