This is why most findings cannot be true or proven Results could vary in a new

This is why most findings cannot be true or proven

This preview shows page 6 - 9 out of 41 pages.

This is why most findings cannot be “true” or “proven” Results could vary in a new context or century Generalizability across other samples, environments, researchers, and times [problem for social psychology: a lot of research uses undergraduate samples – these are people that are young and in good health – their decision-making results are likely much
Image of page 6
different than those of something like older cancer patients under a lot more stress make decisions] [time concern: findings may not apply 30 years later o An intervention that ‘majorly improves health’ is related to the context of what the biggest health concern is Today it is obesity, 30 years ago it was tobacco use o Freud was writing in the Victorian era in which there was a lot of anxiety about sex] [researcher concern: your research team may have a vested interest in something, be very enthusiastic, have a lot of training and skill – and thus your research may not translate outside of your research team o This is a major problem for translational research Translational research: take something found to be effective and apply it in other contexts Often find that there is some really effective intervention under ideal circumstances [university affiliated people do in and implement it] that is not effective when those in the community with less training implement it] o Research has the highest external validity when it generalizes in three ways Other populations Question of how relevant animal research is to human behavior College sophomore problem o 75% of research conducted on college undergraduates Characteristics of college students could bias general conclusions about social phenomena Results might not generalize to other groups o Participant pool Participant pool – a group of students [typically in intro psych courses] asked to participate in research as part of a course requirement Benefits Convenient for researchers Research participation part of education process Critique Not truly voluntary Not truly educational Many pools fail to meet at least one APA requirement [89%] Gender problem o Kohlberg’s moral development theory Cross-cultural differences [individual versus collectivist cultures] Other environments Criticism of lab research – too artificial, far removed from real life
Image of page 7
o Responses to this Aronson’s concept of experimental reality Some research designed specifically to test theory, not to apply to real life Other times Criticism of the longevity of the results o Ex: Asch’s conformity studies Conducted in the US in the 50’s when – conformity/obedience were valued in society, conservative values were dominant, ‘red menace’ of the Soviet Union Research concerned with fundamental processes tends to stand the test of time better than research involving social factors o Ecological validity: the extent that results in the lab will generalize to the real world
Image of page 8
Image of page 9

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 41 pages?

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes